Page:Notes on the churches in the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey.djvu/438

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

86. Cray, St. Mary.—This is the largest of the Cray Churches, having chancel, nave, north and south aisles not ranging with the central, the northern being the longest, large south porch with some kind of chamber over it, and west tower with shingled spire. Some windows Dec., some Perp. Key could not be procured.

86*. Cray, North.—A very small, and, apparently, very plain church, of chancel, nave with a modern projection on the south side, a modern north porch, and a shingled bell-turret at the west end. Building not entered.

87. Cray, St. Paul.—Chancel (longer than usual), nave, south aisle, a north chancel shorter than the principal one, west tower with shingled spire, and west porch. A north aisle in continuation of the north chancel has been destroyed. At the west door is a mutilated stoup. In the east wall of the chancel was originally a triplet of lancets, which were replaced by a three-light late Perp. window, which last is bricked up. The entire building is E.E., with the tooth moulding over the west door, though a curious two-light window, much injured by weather, but of Norm, character, and two round holes, in the tower, seem to have belonged to an earlier edifice. The entrance into the roodloft is visible in the southern side of the chancel arch.

92. Darent.—Chancel, nave, south aisle, modern north porch, and west tower with a shingled spire, or rather cap, at the extremity of the aisle. The chancel is in two divisions, the eastern vaulted with a chamber above, Norm.; the western part, Tr. Norm., was not improbably the original nave, and had a south aisle. The chancel arch and the tower may be E.E., in the remainder of the building appears Dec. and Perp. work. The remarkable font is cylindrical, of considerable size. The east end seems to have had five windows originally, of which the two upper and larger, opening perhaps into the chamber, are closed, the three lower and one in the north wall have externally the singular ornaments previously noticed. Walls now concealed by plaster.

99.* Ditton.—A small church comprising only chancel, nave, south porch now converted into a vestry, and slight western tower. There is a piscina, which has been repaired, and some coloured glass. In the south wall of chancel, either a door, or a low side window has been walled up. In the opposite wall is visible externally a round arch, which may have been a Norm, door; though the general aspect of the building is Dec., one of the windows being very good. In the south wall of nave is one of the wide, shallow projections imagined to contain the roodloft stairs. At the north-east angle of nave is an excellent example of the ancient method of constructing buttresses, namely, with bonding stones firmly connecting the buttress with the wall, not, as is commonly done in modern times, merely raising a heavy mass of masonry against the wall, in which latter case the foundation very frequently sinks, when the body of the structure leans away from what it was designed to support.

114. Eltham.—This church seems to have been originally very small, and enlarged to meet the increase of population. Judging from the exterior very little, if any, old work remains, nearly the entire building being constructed of brick. At the west end is a tall, spire-like bell-turret, similar to others in the district.

121. Fanne.—The statement above, p. 66, relating to the names Fane and Vane, requires some modification. The recoUection how very frequently, in early times, personal appellations were derived from the lands the individuals possessed, or the places where they resided, may well suggest the conjecture, that the noble families of Fane and Vane, at first the same, might have been connected originally with the estate, which is similarly designated in (D. B.). It is affirmed in Collins's Peerage (under Fane, Earl of Westmoreland, iii, 218, ed.