Page:Report on the geology of the four counties, Union, Snyder, Mifflin and Juniata (IA reportongeologyo00dinv).pdf/231

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21.Washington Township in Snyder.

F³. 203

one draw kiln. 38. Miller & Bickel, one kiln. 4. Batdorff; the latter near the road, being very small and not active.

There is some good limestone exposed in all these quarries although the total section is small.

Hilbish & Miller’s quarry is a side cut about 50′ along the face of the ridge and exposes 20′ of stone in which there are two good blue beds near the bottom, each about 6′ thick and above from 8′-10′ of shaly limestone. Coal is worth $3 a ton here, one dollar of which represents haulage from Selinsgrove, while lime sells for 7 cents a bushel.

Bassler & Glass’ quarry lies immediately west and is quite similar in its appearance, exhibiting about 30′ of a rock-section and slightly deeper. Both quarries have about an acre of ground apiece, and both are susceptible of improvement upon greater development.

Miller & Bickel’s quarry is next west and idle. Comparatively little good stone was seen in this quarry, where there was some showing of gypsum mixed indiscriminately through the opening.

All of these quarries are opened in only medium stone, the best part of the lower beds of No. VI being still under cover.

On the road leading south from Freeburg over the ridge to Firestone valley, the junction of No. VI and No. VII is seen on the crest of the ridge in a limestone dip of 35° S. E. Lower down the ridge, but still south of the small subordinmate anticlinal axis, there are two small limestone quarries, the most westerly being

Daniel Boyer’s, where two kilns were formerly supplied with stone from a quarry 60′ long and 15′ deep. Very little good stone shows here, the larger part of the development being in the transition measures between the upper Salina and Lower Helderberg.

This whole ridge from Middle creek to Freeburg is sparingly developed, and the best stone can only be reached in a few of the wind-gaps, or at the extreme eastern end of the ridge, unless the overlying Oriskany chert and Stormville shale is first stripped off. The rather gentle dip soon