Page:Sacred Books of the East - Volume 20.djvu/49

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IV, 14, 2.
35
THE SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES

Those Bhikkhus who were moderate were indignant, &c. . . . told the Blessed One, &c. . . . he addressed the Bhikkhus, and said:

2. 'There are, O Bhikkhus, the following four kinds of legal questions that require formal settle- ment by the Samgha; (that is to say), legal questions arising out of disputes, legal questions arising out of censure, legal questions arising out of offences, legal questions arising out of business[1].

'Among these, what is a legal question arising out of dispute ? This, O Bhikkhus, is when Bhikkhus dispute, saying, " This is Dhamma," or "This is not Dhamma," or "This is Vinaya," or "This is not Vinaya," or "This is taught and spoken by the Tath&gata," or "This is not taught nor spoken by the "Tath&gata," or "This has been practised by the Tathdgata," or "This has not been practised by the Tath&gata," or "This has been ordained by the Tath&gata," or "This has not been ordained by the Tath&gata," or "This is an offence," or "This is not an offence," or "This is a slight offence," or "This is a grievous offence," or "This is an offence which can be done away," or " This is an offence which cannot be done away 2 ," or "This is a most grave offence," or " This is not a most grave


SdvasesS-anavasesd-dpatti. The Pariv&ra IX, 1, 10 says, Ya sa apatti anavasesd sa dpatti na katamena adhikara«ena na katamamhi Mane na katamena samathena sammati. It is practically equivalent therefore to Par£gik&. Those offences which can be done away, but only by the Samgha, are called accordingly in the Buddhist Sanskrit Sawghdvajesha, which corresponds to the Pali SawghSdisesa, The translation and note at Mahdvagga X, 2, 4 should be altered accordingly.


  1. The various ways of settling these four kinds of legal questions are recapitulated in §§ 27-34 of this chapter.

D 2