Page:Sacred Books of the East - Volume 42.djvu/65

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INTRODUCTION. ]

��XI

��Brahman felt that he stood in special need of asserting his dignity.

Even more energetic are the demands of the liturgical texts in the matter of the office of purohita who is The ffi- of ^^own also by the name of brahman and purohita in the guru. ' The king who rules the country shall seek a wise Brahman (brahmawam). He verily is wise that is skilled in the bhr/gu and aiigiras; for the bhrz'gu and ahgiras act as a charm against all ominous occurrences, and protect ever}'thing' (Kau^-. 94, 2-4; cf. 126, 2). The equivalence of brahman, purohita, and guru is guaranteed by comparing with this Ath. Parij-. 3, [, kulinaw sroti'\ya.;/i bh/v'gvahgirovida//^ . . . guruw vrzV/iyad bhupati/z; and 3, 3, tasmad bhr/gvaiigirovida;;/ . . . kury^t purohitam. Cf also 2, 2, brahma tasmad atharvavit. Conversely, ' The gods, the Fathers, and the twice-born (priests) do not receive the oblation of the kins: in whose house there is no guru that is skilled in the Atharvan ' (2, 3). Cf Weber, Omina und Portenta, p. 346 ff.; Ind. Stud. X, 138; Saya;/a, Introduction to the AV., p. 6. In Kauj. 17, 4 ff . the king and the purohita (Darila: ra^a., purodha//) are seen in active co-operative practice at the consecration of the king; and again (brahma ra^a ka.) in 140, 4 ft", at the indramahotsava- festival.

The Atharva-pari.yish/as are not content with these strong recommendations of their own adherents, but they would have the adherents of the other Vedas, yea even of certain branches (j-akha) of the Atharvan itself, excluded from the purohiti: ' The Atharvan keeps off terrible occurrences, and acts as a charm against portentous ones . . . not the adhvaryu, not the kAandoga., and not the hahvrika. . . . The bahvrZ-^a destroys the kingdom, the adhvaryu destroys sons, the Mandoga dissipates wealth; hence the guru must be an Atharva//a. ... A Paippalada as guru increases hap- piness, sovereignty, and health, and so does a .Saunakin who understands the gods and the mantras. . . . The king whose purodha is in any way a 6"alada or a Mauda is deposed from his kingdom within the year ' (Ath. Faris.

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