Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1000

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G44

GERMAN EMPIRE : — LUEECK

In 1897 there were 289 illegitimate births, or 9*5 per cent, of the total births, and 72 still-births, or 38 "0 per cent.

Religion, Instruction, Justice, and Pauperism.

On June 14, 1895, Protestants numbered 80,709 (97 '5 per cent.), Roman Catholics 1,303 (17 per cent.), other Christians 79, Jews 709, and 'unclassified' 15. Education is compulsory between the ages of 6 and 14. In the city and suburbs there are (1895) 18 elementary scliools (9 for each sex), with 7,750 pupils ; for boys 1 gymnasium (580 pupils), 1 real school (172 pupils), 2 private higher schools (719 pupils), and 3 public middle schools (1,357 pupils) ; for girls there are 5 private high schools and 2 private middle schools (1,179 pupils). There are also a public technical school for ap- prentices, and 2 private commercial schools. Five daily newspapers, one weekly and one bi-weekly periodical, are published in the city. Liibeck contains an Amtsgericht and a Landgericht, whence the appeal lies to the ' Hanseatisches Oberlandesgericht ' at Hamburg. The police force number 105 men, and in 1897-98 cost 147,247 marks. In^l893, 540 ; 1894, 543 ; 1895, 683 ; 1896, 1,076 ; 1897, 1.215 criminals were convicted. In 1894-95, 1,591 persons received poor-relief from the State ' Armen-Anstalt, ' which spent, in 1897-98, 107,641 marks out of a revenue of 120,639 marks.

Finance.

The estimated revenue for the year 1898-99 amounted to 4,859,071 marks, and the expenditure to 4,859,071 marks. About one-sixth of the revenue is derived from public domains, chiefly forests ; one-fourth from interest ; and the rest mostly from direct taxation. Of the expenditure, one-fourth is for the interest and reduction of the public debt, the latter amounting, in 1897, to 18,871,020 marks.

Commerce and Shipping".

The total commerce of Liibeck was as follows : —

Year

Imports in 1,000

Value in 1,000

Exports in 1,000

Value in 1,000

kilogrammes

marks

kilogrammes

marks

1875

486,756

194,435

276,324

160,314

1894

838,691

250,650

514,368

205,123

1895

830,607

258,349

538,047

211,061

1896

879,772

259,098

538,770

200,406

1897

1,020,630

294,249

601,628

223,480

Imports by sea in The chief articles and colonial produce, with Denmark, Great ping statistics see und British flag in 1897 w belonging to the port tonnage of 13,011, of were steamers.

1897, 77,287,063 marks; exports, 141,494,606 marks, of commerce are timber, corn, coal and coke, iron, wine, The bulk of the direct trade of Liiljeck is carried on Britain, Russia, and Sweden and Norway. (For the ship- er Germany.) The number of vessels arriving under the as 10 of 8,704 registered tons. The number of vessels of Liibeck at the end of 1897 was 29, with an aggregate which 27 vessels, with an aggregate tonnage of 11,788,