Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1043

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AREA AND POPULATION

687

posed of a president and twelve members, six of whom, together with the president, are nominated by tlic king, wliile the other six are elected by the combined Chambers. ]\Iembcrs of both Chambers receive an allowance of ds. 2d. a day during the session and travelling expenses, but to hereditary members of the Upper Chamber payment is made on ai)plication only.

The executive of the Kingdom is a Ministry of State composed of six ministerial departments. The heads of the six departments are the Ministers of Justice ; of Foreign Affairs and the Royal House, to whose province belongs also the administration of the State railways, posts, and telegraphs ; of the Interior ; of Public Education and Ecclesiastical Affairs ; of War ; and of Finance. There is also a Privy Council, of which the IMinisters are members, and which the sovereign has a right to consult on all occasions.

For administrative purposes the country is divided into 4 circles (Kreise), 64 districts (Oberiimter), and 1.911 communes (Gemeindeu).

Area and Population.

Wiirttemberg has an area of 7,533 English square miles. The following table shows the area and population of the whole and of each of the four * circles ' (Kreise) ; —

Ereise

Area inSq. Miles

Population

Population

l^er Sq.

Mile

1895

1890

1895

Neckar .... Black Forest (Schwarz-

wald). Jagst .... Danube (Donau) .

1,285

1,845 1,985 2,418

7,533

665,049

481,334 402,991 487,148

697,373

488,431 398,887 496,460

543-1

265-2 201-2 205-2

276-5

Total .

2,036,522

2,081,151

The increase of population between 1890 and 1895, amounting on the whole to only 0*44 per cent, per annum, varied greatly in the four circles of the Kingdom. There was an increase of 32,324 in the Neckar circle, but a decrease of 4,104 in the Jagst circle. Of the total population in 1895, 844,044, or 40 "6 per cent., lived in communes of 2,000 inhabitants and ujtwards, and 1,237,107, or 59 "4 per cent., in rural communes. Thei)opula- tion included 1,007,125 males and 1,074,026 females, or 106-6 females for every 100 males. The division of the population according to occupation is shown in the table on p. 534. The number of foreigners wa,s 12,661.

The movement of the population for five years was : —

Year

Marriages

Total Births

StiUborn

Illegitimate

Total Deaths

Surplus of Births

1893 1894 1895 1896 1897

13,994 14,878 15,209 15,656 15,972

73,091 71,376 73,559 74,964 73,800

2,359 2,253 2,403 2,454 2,299

7,803 7,727 7,347 7,962 7,129

56,303 52,882 50,902 46,443 49,657

16,788 18,494 22,657 28,521 24,143