Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1126

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770

JAPAN

at Yokosuka, the others at La Seyne) are of an older class of protected cruisers. They displace 4,277 tons, are 295 feet in length, and measure 50 feet 6 inches in beam. Each carries one gun of 12^ inches, and has a considerable quick-firing armament. The AMtsushima, built in Japan, is a like vessel, but of greater speed (19 knots). The Yoshino, built at Elswick, is analogous to the Argentine 9 de Julio, but is larger and provided with a double bottom. Her length is 360 feet, her beam 46 feet 6 inches, and she has a displacement of about 4,200 tons.

Production and Industry.

The land is cultivated chiefly by peasant proprietors, tenancy being rare. The land is thus officially divided for 1894 in acres : — Public land, used for Government purposes 9,675; forests, 2,885,776; open field, 1,412,179; mis- cellaneous (1893-94), 17,420; total, 4,325,050 acres. Private land: under cultivation, 1,235,917 ; homesteads, 93,365 ; forests, 1,789,438 ; open field, 262,774; miscellaneous, 6,718; total, 3,388,212 acres. The public lands include only those surveyed, and the private only those taxed.

The following are some agricultural statistics for five years : —

_

1892

1893

1894

1895

1896

Rice (acres) .

6,750,904

6,752,755

6,692,971

7,015,712

6,830,075

,, (bushels)

189,203,356

205,359,621

207,776,255

198,127,873

179,655,848

Wheat (acres)

1,043,718

1,064,192

1,081,914

1,093,008

1,082,425

,, (bushels) .

17,577,262

15,256,168

19,689,080

19,719,457

17,632,137

Barley (acres)

1,590,559

1,601,155

1,588,011

1,600,808

1,594,189

,, (bushels) .

40,273,730

33,793,999

42,325,636

42,367,136

38,955,217

Rye (acres) .

1,565,378

1,592,811

1,621,282

l,64fi,256

1,648,113

,, (bushels

31,870,166

30,060,404

36,300,159

34,818,262

29,396,488

Tea (in kwan ^) .

7,211,865

7,640,368

7,883,232

8,698,781

8,500,745

Sugar (in kwan »)

10,721,172

12,635,293

14,402,588

11,822,307

Silk : cocoons (in koku2)

1,480,705

1,686,894

1,800,596

2,258,173

1,836,672

,, raw (in kwan 1) .

1,618,632

1,774,821

1,887,584

2,299,6S8

1 kwan = 8-28 pounds avoir.

1 koku = 4-96 bushels.

In 1895 the number of cattle was 1,136,278 ; of horses in 1895, 1,530,603. The mineral and metal products in two years were : —

Official Mines

1 Private Mines

Official Mines

Private Mines

1894-95

1894

1895-96

1895

Gold, mommei .

90,298

121,280

90,909

150,047

Silver ,, .

2,666,919

16,693,617

2,264,178

17,000,900

Copper, kwan 2

73,869

5.234,971

86,566

5,011,519

Iron ,, .

322,068

4,860,395

816,442

6,562,864 '

Lead

13,321

376,622

5,926

518,207 ;

Coal, tons

22,289

4,238,929

— 1

Antimony, kw n 2 .

418,968

__

— 1

Sulphur

"~

5,001,147

~ i

120 raonime = 1 lb. avoirdupois.

2 1 kwan = 8-28 lbs.

Silk, cotton, and other textiles were manufactured to the value of 17,825,645 yen in 1886 ; in 1892, 48,940,536 yen ; in ]894, 58,623,792 you ;