Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1127

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COMMEKCE

771

ill 1895, 71,350,747 yen. Cotton yarn was manufactured in 1886 to tlic extent of 785,424 kwan ; in 1892, 10,338,411 kwan ; in 1894, 14,620,008 kwan ; in 1895, 18,411,094 kwan.

In 1891 there were 377,501 fishing-boats, and 2,508,361 persons wholly or partially engaged in fishing. Some of the products were : — (1895) salt lish, 6,759,975 kwan; dried fish, &c., 16,260,478 kwan; fish manure, 44,669,571 kwan ; fish oil, 1,519,279 kwan ; sea-weed, &c., 7,169,522 kwan.

Commerce.

The following table shows the value of the foreign trade of Japan for five years : —

Imports Exports

1893

1894

Yen Yen

89,355,338 |l21, 677,263

1895

1896

Yen

Yen

1897

Yen 138, 674,842'171, 674,474 219,300,772

90,419,909 113,308,997 i 136,186,328117,842,760:163,135,0771

In 1896 the imports subject to duty were of the value of 130,431,093 yen, and the duty-free 41,243,380 yen. The exports subject to duty amounted to 50,595,375 yen, and the duty-free exports to 64,020,407 yen.

The commercial intercourse of Japan was mainly with the followino- countries, and to the following values in two years : —

Countries

Imports from

Exports to 1

1896

1897

1896

1897

United States

British America .

Great Britain

China . . . .

France ...

East Indies and Sim a

Germany ....

Korea

Hongkong ....

Russia

' Switzerland.

1 Italy

1 Austria ....

Australia ....

Holland ....

Belgium ....

Yen

16,373,420

51,524

59,251,780

21,344,521

7,682,346

22,720,699

17,183,953

5,118,025

9,133,777

1,416,848

2,534,217

182,923

40,400

835,046

62,799

3,106,094

Yen

27,030,537

129,129

65,406,266

29,265,845

5,147,591

30,966,898

18,143,279

8,864,359

12,027,197

1,907,585

2,555,904

213,266

8.0,943

897,050

57,992

3,173,218

Yen

31,532,341

1,594,045

9,012,398

13,823,844

19,027,389

4,547,544

2,972,1.36

3,367,693

19,965,900

1,910,581

617,707

2,609,106

539,278

1,458,253

231,221

111,467

Yen

52,436,404

2,054,619

8,481,195

21,325,065

26,213,654

5,585,798

2,207,018

5,196,572

25,390,293

2,039,342

897,046

2,981,889

258,371

1,875,169

261,023

109,311

The recorded quantities and values are ascertained from shipping documents and in- voices, the values in the case of exports being given as the market values in Japan, and of imports as the values in the countries of purchase, exclusive of the cost of tran.sport in- surance, (fee. The prime origin and ultimate destination, as far as they are known, are re- corded as disclosed in the shipping documents.

The foreign commerce of Japan is carried on through the open ports of Yokohama, Kobe, Osaka, Nagasaki, Hakodate, Niigata, and 13 other ports. The following table shows the chief articles of the foreign commerce, including exports of foreign produce and imports of home produce, for 1896 and 1897 :—

3 D 2