Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1191

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PRODUCTION AND INDUSTRY 835

The production of cinchona, in kilogrammes, in Java was as follows : —

Year

Government

Lands on Emphyteusis

Private Lands

Plantations

Production

Plantations

Production

Plantations

Production

1892 1893 1894 1895 1896

8 S 8 8 8

308,021 278,662 295,107 317,387 293,603

112

100

96

98

86

2,793,820 2,856,138 2,890,630 3,573,260 3,440,393

6

4 3 2

1

28,944

46,928 47,862 60,020 63,932

The production of tobacco, in kilogrammes, was as follows : —

Tear.

In Java.

In Sumatra (Deli, etc.).

Plantations.

Production.

Plantations.

Production.

1892 1893 1894 1895 1896

93 83 94

88 90

8,512,217 13,228,810 10,276,134

9,807,178 13,360,013

± 307 222 123 116 103

12,921,509 15,210,315 17,569.300 18,075,917 15,704,703

The production of tea in Java, in kilogrammes, was as follows : — 1892, 4,598,234; 1893, 4,129,031; 1894, 4,096,863; 1895, 4,746,588; 1896, 3,916,398.

The production of 1896 was obtained from 85 plantations.

The production of indigo in Java was as follows : — In 1893, 685,984 kilo- grammes from 159 plantations ; in 1894, 565,547 kilogrammes from 155 plantations ; in 1895, 621,666 kilogrammes from 149 plantations ; and in 1896, 721,719 kilogrammes from 151 plantations.

The tin mines of Banca are worked by the Government ; those of Biliton and Riouw by private enterprise. Their total yield in 1892-93 was 12,200 tons ; in 1896-97, 15,600 tons.

The yield of the principal coal mines in Java, Sumatra and Borneo was in 1893, 13,500 tons; in 1895, 26,100 tons ; in 1896, 25,150 tons.

The production of the principal mineral oil enterprises was in 1896, 111,387,385 litres.

At the end of 1895 there were in Java in all about 2,643,000 buffaloes, 2,572,000 oxen and cows, and 485, 500 horses. Horses are never used in India for agricultural purposes.

In 1896 there were 3 Government and 41 private printing-offices, 51 ice or soda water manufactories, 11 soap factors, 11 arak distillers, 8 saw mills, and 170 rice mills. The industrial establishments in Dutch India used, in 1895, 1,831 steam engines.

Commerce.

No diflerence is made between Dutch and foreign imports and vessels, There is a tarift" of 6 per cent, on certain goods ; on some articles there is a small export duty, including coffee and tobacco. The export duty on sugar is definitely abolished.

The following table shows the value of the general import and export during the years 1892-96, in guilders : —

3 H 2