Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1256

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900

RUMANIA

other facilities for the development of mining industries. Coal and petroleum are worked, but the out-put of the latter is of inferior quality. Salt- mining is a State monopoly, the mines being worked by convicts.

Other industries are the manufacture or preparation of paper, cement, sugar, woollen goods, hides, and timber.

Commerce.

The following table shows the value (in 1,000 lei) of the commerce for five years : —

1893

1894

1895

1896

1897

Imports . Exports .

1,000 lei 430,490 370,652

1,000 lei- 422,142 294,198

1,000 lei

304,575 265; 048

1,000 lei 337,923 324,057

1,000 lei 355,782 224,180

The following, according to Rumanian returns, shows the value of the commerce in 1897 of the leading countries (imports from and exports to) with which Rumania deals : —

Ger- many

iSSn ^"«t"^ France ^^

Turkey Russia

1 1 Ttilv Switzer- "'^^y land

Imports Exports

1,000 lei

98,987

6,532

1,000 lei-

78,759 54,675

1,000 lei 96,645 55,406

1,000 lei

23,915

5,092

1,000 lei 14,467 75,938

1,000 lei 15,476 11,614

1,000 lei 8,163 3,608

1,000 lei

11,196

7,107

1,000 lei 4,166 169

The following are the values of the leading articles of import and export in 1897 :—

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Textiles , Metals anc

metal goods Hides, leather

&c. Wood . Glass and pot

tery . Chemicals Oil, wax, &c.

I

1,000 lei 150,000

74,900

16,000 5,700

7,600

28,800

7,300

1,000 lei 2,600

1,900

1,600 6,700

100

Cereals

Animals & ani- mal products

Fruits, vege- tables, &c. .

Drinks

Paper

Fuel

Various ,

Total .

1,000 lei 5,400

8,400

23,800

1,000

6,000

10,100

10,800

1,000 lei 179,800

6,300

14,800 2,600

2,200 4,700

335,800

224,200

The following table, taken from the Board of Trade Returns, shows the value of the imports into Great Britain from Rumania, and of the domestic exports from Great Britain to Rumania, for five years : —

1893

1894

1895

1896

1897

Imports into Great Britain Exports to Rumania

£ 4,218,174 1,397,449

£ 3,992,134

1,316,867

£ 2,118,505 891,917

£ 3,204,111

1,286,582

£ 3,258,503 1,340,231