Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1274

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918

RUSSIA

Tlic adherents ot different religions in Northern Caucasia and Trans- caucasia appeared as follows in 1886-92 : —

Northern Caucasia

Transcaucasia

Total

Orthodox Greeks . Raskolniks .... Armenian Gregorian ,, Catholics Roman ,, . . Mennonites .... Lutherans .... Jews ..... Sunnite Mussulmans Shiite ,, . . Yezides .... Pagans ..... Various .....

Total .... Unknown ....

2,164,381 50,157 29,062

9,732

1,105

19,330

12,372

560,989

12,495 624

1,481,066

57,105

955,2.39

30,676

12,445

14,000

37,066

1,544,137

805,746

11,449

7,787

3,645,455

107,262

984,301

30,676

22,177

33,330

49,438

2,105,126

305,749

11,449

12,495

8,411

2,859,401

4,958,721

7,818,122 338,852

The Holy Synod has a capital of about 5,000,000/. sterling at its disposal, and the income of the churches amounted in 1895 to over 31,000,000 roubles, out of which 13,334,845 were received as donations to churches. The expenditure of the Synod in 1897 was : 21,179,581 roubles contributed by the Imperial budget. The expenditure for other churches was : Armenian clergy, 14,204 roubles; Catholic clergy, 1,560,340 roubles ; Lutheran clergy, 121,282 roubles ; Mussulman clergy, 50,955 roubles were contributed by the Synod for schools; while 1,723,680 roubles were contributed by the Ministry of Interior for the clergy.

Instruction.

Most of the schools in the Empire arc under the Ministry of Public In- struction, and the Empire is divided into 14 educational districts (St. Peters- burg, Moscow, Kazan, Orenburg, Kharkolf, Odessa, Ivieff, Vilna, Warsaw, Dorpat, Caucasus, Turkestan, West Siberia, and East Siberia). However, many special schools are under separate ]\Iinistries. The total contribution for education from the various Ministries in 1894 was 39,336,096 roubles ; of this, 7,29 4,473 roubles was for universities, 19,576,208 roubles for middle- class schools, and 7,403,612 roubles for primary schools.

The statistical data relative to education in Russia are extremely defective, the Caucasian and Turkestan educational districts being the only ones which publish full information.