Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1275

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INSTRUCTION

919

The high and middle schools of tho Empire (exclusive of Finlaml) are given in the subjoined tahlc, but they are incomplete : —

Number

Teaching Stair

Pupils and Students

Universities (incomplete) Special high seliools .... Ladies' universities .... Theological academies ....

Medical

Military academies .... Agricultural academies .... Engineering and Mining ....

Total high schools ....

Normal schools

Normal seminaries with practi(\Tl schools ......

Gymnasia and progymnasia

Realschulen ......

Technical and professional

Theological seminaries ....

Military and naval schools

Total middle-class schools for boys

Girls' gymnasia and progymnasia ,, institutes .....

Total middle-class schools for girls

9

17 1 7 2 5 3 7

923

190

126

16,326

4,530 557 900 760

1,227 412 507

53

I 78

236

106

44

55

113

822

2,815 1,403

1,054

25,219

5,586

68,682 18,827 4,769 17,246 21,109

136,219

70,174 7,911

631

343 30

373

78,085

Finland has a university of its own (see Finland). Nearly 4,000 students are either supported by bursaries or dispensed from paying fees.

The expenses for the middle schools arecontrilmtetUiy the State Exchequer to the amount of 25 per cent, of the aggregate expenditure for the gymnasia, progymnasia, and technical schools, the remainder being made up by fees (about 30 per cent.) and by donations of the zrmstvos, the municipalities, and .so on. The Cossack schools are maintained by the separate voiskos, which, moreover, maintain a number of their pupils in the governmental .schools. The Church contrilmted in 1890 the .^um of 1,389,000 roubles, the costs for the schools under the Holy Synod being paid by either the Exchequer or the zrmstvos and the village communities.

The education in Caucasia appeared as follows, according to the official report for 1896, i.ssued by the School Administration : — There were 22 ly- ceums, gymnasia, and Realschulen, 1 teachers' institute, 5 normal schools, 18 lyceums and gymnasia for girLs, with a total of 16,450 pupils (9,033 boys, 7,417 girls) ; 38 town .schools (8,639 pupils), 9 professional and 3 naval schools (937 pupils), u schools for Mountaineers (546 boys) ; 3 girls' schools (588 girls) ; 101