Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/753

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PRODUCTION AND INDUSTllY^ — AGRICULTURE

397

The following tahles show the area in thousands of hectares (2-47 acres) of the leading crops, the total produce in thousands of hectolitres (275 bushels dry, 22 gallons liquiil measure) or of metre-centners (1-96, or nearly 2 cwts.), and also the produce per hectare in hectolitres or metre-centners.

1S06

1 1897

Area in

Produce in

Produce

Area in

Produce in

Prodi.ce

1,000

1.000

per hectare

1.000

1,000

per hectare

luctares

hectolitres

in liectolitres

16-72

hectares 3,013

hectolitres

in hectolitres

Wheat .

3,363

56,232

31,669

10-51

Barley

1,079

21,448

19-88

1,015

15,306

1508

Oats

1,031

26,342

25-56

992

19,974

20-14

Rye .

1,136

18,130

15-96

1,089

13,277

12-19

Pulse

44

527

12 05

43

445

10-35

Buckwheat

13

138

10-80

12

121

10-08

Maize

2,448

51,621

21-09

2,344

41,019

17-50

Other cereals . Total cereals . Potatoes .

265

4,046

15-27

255

2,814

ir04

9,379

178,484

19 03

8,763

124,625

14-22

504

54,376

107-97

303

46,534

• 92-51

Sugar beet

76

15,175^

199-92

72

14,302'

198-64

Beet other

146

38,239'

26216

141

34,055'

241-52

Vineyards

248

1,572

6-36

247

1,308

5 -30

Tol)acco .

33

457'

13 -73

35

519'

15-11

Hemp

64

705

10-97

63

539

8-56

Rape

54

689

12-80

47

497

10-58

1 Metre-centners.

In Hungary (with Croatia) there were (in 1895) 2,308,457 horses, 1,911 mules, 23,855 asses, 6,738,365 cattle, 8,122,682 sheep, 7,330,343 pigs, 308,810 goats, 32,767,085 fowls, and 769,074 beehives. The export of horses, cattle, and sheep far exceeds the imports.

In silk culture 107,454 families were engaged in 1897, compared with 1,059 in 1879. Tlie produce of cocoons was 1,330,884 kilogrammes, the value being 1,043,911 florins.

The inhal)itants of 11,819 communes were engaged in rearing bees, whuli produced 32,432 metric centners of honey, and 2, 235 metric centners of wax, of the value of 1,196,347 florins.

There are 55 agricultural institutions in Hungary with 2,289 pupils.

The administration of the forests belonging to the State is in the hands of the Ministry of Agriculture. The total area under forest was in Hungary Proper (1897), 7,522,462 hectares; of which 2,085,488 hectares are under oak, 3,72-2,868 hectares under beech, and 1,714,106 hectares under pine. Of the total, 1,139,782 hectares belonged to the State ; 1,484,0^85 to muni- cipalities and parishes ; 491,305 to ecclesiastical i)crsons ; 70,575 to pultli(! and private foundations; 572,439 to tideicommissa; 964,783 were joint pro- perty (belonging to several owners) ; and 144,530 belonged to joint-stock companies. The total area under forest in Croatia and Slavonia was (1894) 1,530,442 hectaies.