Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/754

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


398

HUNGARY

The forests are mostly situated in the Carpathians. In 1896 the Hun- garian exports of timber and forest products amounted to 7,961,777 metric centners, vahied at 33,534,424 florins, and the imports to 3,636,633 metric centners, valued at 19,138,534 florins.

II.— MIXING.

In Hungary Avere employed in mining and smelting works (1897) 54,748 men, 2,373 women, and 4,961 children, total, 62,082 persons ; in saltworks, 2,042 men, and 165 children, total, 2,208 persons.

The following table shows the value of the mineral and furnace products in florins : —

Mining products

1896

1897

Furnace products

1896

1897

j

Gold & silver ores

Gold, silver, lead and copper con- taining ores .

Copper ore

Lead ore . 1 Iron ore .

Coal .

Lignite

Manganese ore .

Various ores

Total

713,064

1,049,685

182

298,986

3,023,945

5,845,791

12,573,124

2,087

20,179

760,471

1,163,215

4,395

330,214

3,778,287

6,034,445

12,541,026

9,958

28,117

Gold . Silver Pig iron Copper Lead . Briqnettes". Antimony ore . Antimony crude

and antimony

regulus . Iron pyrites Various

5,261,300

1,178,900

15,337,100

77,300

265,800

247,300

55,700

146,400

226,400 465,100

5,030,168

1,536,608

16,020,882

113,749

368,466

216,203

85,299

156,368 176,457 561,992

24,266,192

23,527,043

^24,650,128

Total

23,261,300

III.— MANUFACTURES.

In Hungary (including Croatia and Slavonia) in 1890, there were em- ployed in the various manufacturing industries 913,010 persons ; or 5 '26 per cent of the population. Of these the most numerous were those working in clothing, 185,148 ; in building, 94,212 ; in wood and timber, 93,625 ; in iron and metals, 89,385; in food stuff's, 81,277 ; in animal products, 31,786 ; in textile industries, 31,349 ; in leather and skins, 26,080 ; in machinery, 13,507 ; in earthenware and glass, 12,196; in coach-building, 10,493; in chemical products, 8,315; in printing, 8,996. Including families and domestic ser- vants the total numl)er of those dependent on the industries was 2,157,280 ; or 12 '43 per cent of the population.

In 1897 there were 101 breweries which brewed 1,597,086 hectolitres of beer; 75,020 distilleries, which produced 1,026,593 hectolitres of alcohol ; 20 active sugar factories employing 10,985 workpeople, and yielding 1,688,521 metre-centners of sugar. The number of tobacco manufactories (tobacco manufacturing being a State monopoly) was 19, occupying 19,493 work- people and producing 5987 million cigars and 794*3 million cigarettes. The number of mills (without Croatia and Slavonia) was 20,005, of which 1,723 were steam-nulls, 15,417 water-mills, 712 wind-mills,, and 2,033 hoise-mills. Much industrial work is carried on in the homes of the people.