Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/755

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COMMERCE — SHIPPING AND NAVIGATION

399

Commerce.

The special commerce of Hungary for live years was as follows (iu thousands of florins) : —

Imports . Exi)orts .

1893

1,000 florins 513,696 524,543

1894

1895

1,000 florins | 1,000 florins 1,000 florins

1896

546,278 562,564

543,977 548,975

504,812

544,704

1897

1,000 florins 554,814 540,980

In 1896 and 1897 the chief imports and exports were (in thousands of florins) :—

Imports

189C

1897

Cotton goods Woollen goods Silk goods Clothing . . Refined sugar Wine in casks Coffee . .

06,307 44,317 13,273 19,001 10,655 14,543 9,797

62,170 38,797 12,295 16,901 10,742 15,219 9,632

Exports

Flour

Wlieat, barley, maize Oxen, pigs, horses . Wine in casks . . Cask staves . . .

W^ool

Eggs

1896

81,596 99,647 69,902 19,588 10,312 8,604 9,431

1897

84,007 84,379 70,403 17,040 10,456 7,150 8,125

In Hungary the values are fixed annually by a permanent commission, comprising merchants and a few representatives of industry and agriculture, with the approval of the Ministries of Finance, Commerce, Agriculture, and other authorities. In general, gross values are taken, and they are determined according to the value the goods represent at crossing of the frontier.

Of the imports in 1897, 24 '14 per cent, in value were raw material and 75 '86 percent, were manufactured; of the exports 59 "64 per cent, in value were raw material and 40 '36 per cent, manufactured. The imports into Hungary from Austria were 428,756,000 florins, or 77 '28 per cent. ; the exports to Austria were 412,113,000 florins or 76*18 per cent, of the whole. The imports from Germany were 27,565,000 florins; and the exports to Germany were 50,956,000 florins. The imports from Great Britain (^mostly cotton goods and tobacco) were 5,025,000 florins ; and the exports to Great Britain (mostly flour and barley) were 11,115,000 florins. Other countries having considerable trade with Hungary are Servia, France, Switzerland, Italy.

Shipping and Navigation.

The following tabular statement shows the strength of the commercial marine of Hungary, on January 1, 1898 : —

' —

Number of vessels

Tonnage

62,224

5,228

427

Crews

Sea-going vessels Coasting-vessels Fishing vessels, &c. .

, Total.

76 153 273

1,181 527

714

502

67,879

2,422 '