Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/820

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464

CHINA

of landing, and of the exports at the moment of shipping, that should be taken. For this purpose from the impoi'ts there have to be deducted the costs incurred after landing, namely, the expenses of landing, storing, and selling, and the duty paid; and to the exports there have to be added the imi:)orter*s commission, the expenses of packing, storing, and shipping, and the export duty. So dealt with, the value of the imports for 1896 comes to 177,630,606 haikvvan taels, and that of -the exports to 146,92P,091 haikwan taels; and the value of the imports for 1897 comes to 177,915,163 haikwan taels, and that of the exports to 181,769,995 haikwan taels.

During 1897 the principal countries participated in the trade of China as shown in the following table: —

Imports from

Exports to

Total Trade

(value in haikwan

(value in haikwan

(value in haikwan

taels)

taels)

taels)

Great Britain

44,015,587

12,945,229

52,960,816

Hong Kong

90,125,887

60,402,222

150,528,109

India ....

20,068,183

1,045,931

21,114,114

United States of America

12,440,302

17,828,406

30,268,708

Continent of Europe

(without Russia)

8,565,807

25,878,118

34,443,925

Japan ....

22,564,284 1

16,626,738 ^

39,191,022

Russia (in Europe and

Asia)

3,442,449

16,410,439

19,852,888

1 Including Imports from Formosa, etc., haikwan taels 5,413,194 ,, Exports to ,, ,, ,, 794,707

The imports into China from Hong Kong come originally from, and the exports from China to that colony are further carried on to. Great Britain, Germany, France, America, Australia, India, the Straits, and other countries.

The figures given above include the statistics of imports and exports at the treaty ports for the whole year; and also the like statistics of the junk trade of Hong Kong and Macao with the south of China (by the Kowloon and Lappa custom houses).

The chief im|X)rts and exports are as follows (1897): —

Imports

Haikwan taels

Exports

Haikwan taels

Opium

27,901,056

Tea ...

29,216,546

Cotton goods .

78,663,280

Silk, raw & manuf'd

55,250,660

Raw cotton

2,260,191

Sugar

1,777,460

Woollen goods

4,838,105

Straw braid

6,659,388

Metals

8,146,608

Hides, cow & buff'alo

3,070,329

Coal

3,692,669

Paper

2,121,661

Oil, kerosene .

13,299,136

Clothing

2,177,690

Seaweed, fishery pro-

China ware and pot-

ducts, &c.

5,896,090

tery .

1,384,336

Of the tea in 1897, 244,480 piculs (each 133.4 H^s.) went to Great Britain, 813,494 piculs to Russia, 207,888 piculs to the United States, 119,723 piculs to Hong Kong, 33,327 piculs to Australia, out of a total of 1,532,158 piculs. The total export of tea has been as follows to foreign countries in piculs: — 1885, 2,128,751; 1892, 1,622,681; 1893, 1,820,831; 1894, 1 862,312; 1895, 1,865,680; 1896, 1,712,841; 1897, 1,532,153,