Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/821

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COMMERCE

465

China has besides .ill extensive coasting trade, largely carried on h}' British and other foreign as well as Chinese vessels.

Great Britain has, in virtue of various treaties with the Chinese Govern- ment, the right of access to certain ports of the Empire. The following is a list of twenty-three of these treaty ports, with the value of their direct foreign imports and exports for 1897: —

Names of Ports

Provinces

Population

Imports

Exports

t

Haikwan taels

Haikwan taels

Newchwang .

Shengking

[ 60,000

1,641,415

5,547,826

Tient-sin

Chihli

950,000

9,169,402

10,192,495

Chifu .

Shantung

1 35,000

3,685,050

1,388,970

Chung-king .

Szechuan

300,000

Ichang .

Hupeh

34,000

Shasi^ .

"

73,000

Hankau

' '

1 800,000

174,971

3,421,233

Kiukiang

Kiangsi

55,000

5,800

Wuhu .

Anhwei

78,000

2,105

8,935

Nanking

Kiangsu

, 150,000

Chinkiang ,

j>

1 140,000

852,785

1,490,254

Shanghai

j>

457,000

132,219,185

78,394,867

Suchau

>> •

500,000

Ningpo

, Chehkiang

255,000

705,751

64,624

Hangchau

>)

700,000

44,620

Wenchau

J >

80,000

12,260

2,196

Fuchau

Fukien

650,000

4,342,107

4,304,814

Amoy .

> J

i 96,000

11,336,255

1,711,555

Swatau

Kwangtung

35,000

9,441,305

3,322,278

Canton .

>>

2,500,000

13,729,975

19,930,353

Wuchow

Kwangsi .

50,000

1,368,983

398,329

Samshui

Kwangtung

4,000

37,647

660

Kongmoon &

I

Kumchuk .

> 5

170,128

7,623

Kiungchau .

I "

40,000

1,464,722

1,778,715

Pakhoi

1

" *

20,000

2,656,724

1,501,836

Lungchau

, Kwangsi

22,000

83,074

25,873

Mengtsz

Yunnan .

' 12,000

2,394,028

1,057,737

Szemao .

>)

1 15,000

154,596

31,378

Wuchow on the West River, and Samshui in Kuangtung, were opened to Foreign trade on the 4th June, 1897, in accordance with the Special Article of the Burmese Frontier Con- vention (British Treaty of February 4tli, 1897).

Szemao was opened to frontier trade on January 2nd, 1897, in accordance with the stipulation of the Gerard Supplementary Frontier Convention of 1895.

The Chinese Government has announced its intention of opening Yochow, in Hunan; Santuao, in Fukien; Chingwangtao, in Chihli; and Woosung, as treaty ports.

Since April 1887 the customs stations in the vicinity of Hong Kong and Macao have been placed under the management of the foreign customs. In 1897, Kowloon imports 13,027,228 haikwan taels, and exports 23,024,493 haikwan taels; Lappa imports 3,514,878 haikwan taels, and exports 5,894,314 haikwan taels. The same service has also been charged with the collection of the so-called Likin (inland) tax on foreign opium imported, which is likely to result in a considerable increase of the foreign maritime customs receipts. A custom house was opened at Yatung (Tibet) on 1st May, 1894. The port of Nanking, which the Chinese Government consented to throw

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