Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/868

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512

FRANCE

The foreigners (natives of Europe) residing in France in 1896 numbered 1,027,491, and constituted 2*66 per cent, of the aggregate population. The numbers in 1891 were : —

Belgians

Italians

Germans

Swiss

Spaniards

English

Luxembourgeois

465,860

Russians .

286,042

Austro-Hungarian

83,333

Miscellaneous .

83,117

77,736

Total (1891)

39,687

„ (1886)

31,248

„ (1851)

14,357 11,909 36,922

1,130,211

1,126,531

379,289

Of the total in 1891, 420,842 were born in France. The number of French citizens abroad in 1891 was 517,000.

According to the results of the census of 1891, the actual population according to occupations was as follows : —

Occupations

Employers, &c.

Employees,

Clerks,

Overseers,

&c.

Workmen

Dependents

in Household

Domestic Servants

Total

Agriculture . Industry Transport Commerce Public Force Administration . Professional . Private Fortune .

Total . Unclassed

Total populatio

3,570,016 3,021,659 62,501 879,969 558,186 202,205 420,133 956,729

75,400

207,222

138,707

378,318

781

7,620

78,024

13,021

2,890,183

3,319,217

245,979

480 344

2,908

30,348

29,819

106,061

10,216,749 4,814,985 730,040 1,983,441 141,611 426,816 449,500 781,115

683,540

169,477

22,106

239,424

12,138

32,526

137,397

312,824

17,435,888 9,532,560 1,199,333 3,961,496 715,624 699,611 1,114,873 2,169,750

7,671,398

899,099

7,104,859

19,544,257 1,692,432

1

36,829,135 1,304,250

D (exclusive c

f infants, cer

tain school

i, &c.)

38,133,385

II. Movement of the Population. BirthSj Deaths, and Marriages.

Year

Marriages

Living Births

Illegitimate Children

Deaths

Surplus of

Births over Deaths

Still-born

1893 1894 1895 1896 1897

287,294 286,662 282,918 290,171 291,462

874,672 855,388 834,173 865,586 859,107

76,562 76,451 73,278 76,278 75,989

867,526 815,620 851,986 771,886 751,019

7,146 39,768

-17,813 93,700

108,088

42,394 42,046 41,572 42,054 42,249

The movement of the population is very unequal over France, and from year to year the deaths are in excess of the births in from 32 to 60 depart- ments out ol 87.

The birth-rate for all France in 1896 was 227 ; in 1897 22-4 per 1,000 inhabitants. The death-rate in 1896 was 20*2; in 1897 19-9 per 1,000 in- habitants. In 1895 the number of deaths exceeded tliat of births ; in 1896, owing to the increase in the number of births, as well as to the decrease in