Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/869

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AREA AND POPULATION

513

the number of deaths, the births were more numerous than the deaths; in 1897 there was a decrease in the number of births, but there was a greater decrease in the number of deaths, so that there was an increased excess ot births over deaths. In 1872 and 1876 the births numbered 966,000; but during the hist twenty years the diminution has been almost constant, the death-rate having also considerably decreased.

The number of divorces is rapidly increasing; it was 5,752 in 1891, 5,772 in 1892, and 6,184 in 1893; 6,419 in 1894, 6,743 in 1895, 7,051 in 1896, 7,460 in 1897, the aggregate number of 72,852 divorces having been registered since the new law was voted in 1884.

Emigration.

In the years 1857-91, there were 285,873 French emigrants, of whom 59,304 went to the United States. In 1890 to 1893 the numbers of French emigrants, with their destinations, were as follows: —

' United — States.

Chile and Peru.

Argentine and Uruguay.

Other Countries.

Total.

1890 1891 1892 1893

3,085 2,950 2,798

2,895 155

14,001 2,073 2,106

579 528 469

20,560 6,217 5,528 5,300

The total number of emigrants from French ports in 1890 was 72,512; 1891, 57,815; 1892, 39,146; 1893, 34,215.

III. Principal Towns.

The following, according to the census of 1896, munal population over 30,000: —

are the towns with a com-

Paris .

2,536,834

Tourcoing .

73,353

Lorient

41,894

Lyon .

. 466,028

Rennes

69,937

Cherbourg

40,783

Marseille

. 442,239

Dijon

67,736

Duii(|uerque .

39,718

Bordeaux

. 256,906

Orleans

66,619

Poitiers

38,518

Lille .

. 216,276

Grenoble

64,002

Angouleme

38,068

Toulouse

. 149,963

Tours .

63,267

Boulogne-sur-

St. Etienne

. 136,030

Le Mans

60,075

Seine

37,418

Roubaix

. 124,661

Besancon

57,556

Perpignan

35,088

Nantes

. 123,902

Calais .

56,940

Rochefort

34,329

Le Havre

. 119,470

Versailles

54,874

Roanne

33,912

Rouen

. 113,219

St. Denis

54,432

Clichy

33,895

Reims

. 107,963

Troyes

52,998

Pau .

33.012

Nancy

. 96,306

Clermont-Ferrand

Neuilly

32,730

Toulon

. 95,276

50,870

Cette .

32,729

Nice .

. 93,760

St. Quintin .

48,868

Le Creusot .

32.034

Amiens

. 88,731

Beziers

48,012

Moulu(;on

31,595

Limoges

. 77,703

Levallois-Perrt

't 47,315

Douai .

31,397

Angers

. 77,164

Boulogne

46,807

Perigueux

31,313

Nimes

. 74,601

Caen .

45,380

St. Xazairc .

30,813

Brest . Montpcllier

. 74,538 . 73,931

Avignon Bourges

45,107 43,587

St. Ouen

30,715

Total

7,323,340

L L