Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/978

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


6^2

GERMAN EMPIRE : — BADEN

Baden . 14,862 Rastatt . 13,268 Bmchsal 12,614

The population of the principal towns at the census of December 2, 1895, was : —

Mannheim . 97,780 Heidelberg . 35,190

Karlsruhe . 84,030 Pforzheim . 33,345

Freiburg . 53,118 Konstanz . 18,671

Lahr . 11,079 The number of marriages in Baden in 1897 was 14,245, births, 60,522, deaths, 39,026, excess of births over deaths, 21,496. Included in the births were 1,604, or 2*65 per cent, still-born, and 4,916, or 812 per cent, illegiti- mate children.

Emigration from Baden to extra-European countries is estimated as follows : —

1891

1892

1893

1894

1895

1896

1897

.6,000

5,500

4,000

2,000

3,500

1,700

815

Religion and Instruction.

Nearly two-thirds of the population are Catholic, somewhat more than one-third Protestant. At the census of 1895 there were 1,057,417 Catholics, 637,604 Protestants, 7,480 of other Christian sects, 25,903 Jews, and 160 others.

The Grand-duke is Protestant, and head of the Evangelical or Protestant Church, which is governed by a synod (with 56 members), and whose affairs are administered by a board (Oberkirchenrath). The Roman Catholic Church has an Archbishop (at Freiburg). The Protestant Church has 359 parishes, the Roman Catholic Church 773 ; the former are divided among 25 deaneries, the latter among 35. The contributions of the State to the Roman Catholic Church amounted, in 1898, to 292,885 marks (besides 86,919 marks dota- tion of the archbishopric) ; to the Protestant Church, 333,867 marks ; given in both cases, mainly in support of the poorer clergy. There are a certain number of ' Old Catholic ' parishes, to which the State contributes yearly 24,000 marks. The Jews have 15 rabbinates, and receive (1898) 16,200 marks towards the support of the poorer clergy.

Instruction is general and compulsory. The elementary schools are maintained by the communes (expenditure on material) and by the State (personal expenditure), and administered by local authorities under the inspection of Government. The following tabic sliows the public schools in Baden for 1895-96 :—

Number

Teachers

Students & Pupils

Universities ..... Gymnasia and Progymnasia Realgymnasia, Realprogymnasia, Ober-

realschulen, and Realschulen . Other middle schools .... Elementary schools .... Technical academy .... Technical, agricultural, and otlicv

S[>ecial schools ....

Total

2 16

23

22 1,612

1

207 1,883

221

354

397

282

5,638

90

709

2,302 4,523

6,249

3,815

314,651

917

14,870

7,691

347,327