Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/979

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FtNANHE — PROmiCTION AKD INDU??TRV

623

Resides 33 private middle scliools, with 356 teachers and 2,671 pupils, and 13 private elementary schools, with 69 teachers and 1,981 pupils.

Finance.

The Budget is voted for a period of two years. The sources of ordinary and extraordinary revenue and branches of expenditure were estimated for 1898 as follows :—

land)

Rovenup Direct taxes . Indirect taxes Domains (Crown

and saltworks Justice and Police . Railways (net) ^Ministry of Justice, ,, ,, Interior ,i ,, Finance Chamber of Accounts Share in Customs of the German Empire .

j\rark.«i 14,100,039 12,367,490

10,219,116 4,702,514

14,849,710

5,080,869

4,149,630

3,841,126

402

14,531,036

Expenditure Marks /'interest

General debtj and —

Railway debt | amorti- 18,438,003

Total revenue

83,841,932

I' • V. sation

Civil list and appanages Ministry of State

,, ,, Foreign Af- fairs . ,, ,, Justice, Wor- ship, and Education . ^Ministry of Interior ,, ,, Finance Chamber of Accounts Charges of collection of

revenue Pensions

Contrilmtion to German Empire

Total expenditure .

1,833,413 170,154

234,572

17,940,239

17,136,659

2,049,676

105,056

12,761,976 7,117,640

15,980,178 90,767,566

The deficit is compensated by surplus of former years ( Amortisation-Kasse).

The direct taxes are a land tax, house tax, trade tax, rent tax, and income tax ; the indirect taxes are chiefly excise on wine, beer, and meat, registry, duties on succession.

Baden has no public debt, except the railway debt, amounting at the beginning of 1898 to 329,029,252 marks.

Production and Industry.

Of the area 57 '2 per cent, is under cultivation, 37 '5 per cent, forests, 5 "3 per cent, uncultivated (hou.ses, roads, water, &c. ). Arable land occupies 573,800 hectares, vineyards 19,670. chestnut plantations 550, meadows 208,180, pastures 54,360, and forests 566,232 hectares (of which 98,570 belong to the State, 266,387 to the communes, 19,851 to other bodies, and 181,434 to private persons).

The total number of agricultural tenements, each cultivated by one house- hold, was in the year 1895 as follows : —

Under 1 Hectare

Between 1 and 10 Hectares

Between 10 and 100 Hectares

Above 100 Hectares

Total 236,159

83,485

140,146

12,411

117