Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/998

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642

GERMAN EMPIRE: — LIPPE

Hess. Centralstelle fiir die Landesstatistik. 2S Bde. Darmstadt, 1862-98.

Hessler (C), GeschicVite von Hessen. 8. Cassel, 1891.

Kiichler (F.), Bcarbeitet von Braun (A. E.) und Weber (A. K.). Verfassnngs-uud Vervvaltungsrecht des Grossh. Hessen. 5 Bde. Darmstadt, 1894-9(3.

A'!/eH0eZ(H.), Grossherzogtum Hessen. 2nd ed. 8. Giessen, 1893.

Zeller (Dr. W.), Handbuch der Verfassung und Verwaltung im Grossh. Hessen 3 Bde. Darmstadt, 1885-93.

LIPPE.

(FUrstenthum Lippe.) Reigning Prince.

Alexander, born January 16, 1831, son of Prince Leopold and of Princess Eniile of Schwarzburg-Sondersliausen ; succeeded to the throne at the death of his brother, Prince Waldemar, March 20, 1895. Regent — Count Ernst, born June 9, 1842, son of Count Julius of Lippe- Biesterfeld, and Adelaide, Countess of Castell-Castell ; married September 16, 1869, to Caroline, Countess of Wartensleben ; offspring : Adelaide, born June 22, 1870, married April 25, 1889, to Prince Frederick ot Saxe-Meiningen ; Leopold, born May 30, 1871 ; Bernard, born August 26, 1872 ; Julius and Carola, born September 2, 1873 ; Matilda, born March 27, 1875. The Kegent has four brothers.

The house of Lippe is the eldest branch of the ancient family of Lippe, from which proceeded in the seventeenth century the still flourishing collateral lineages of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Schaumburg-Lippe, &c. For the expenses of the court, &c. , are allotted the revenues arising from the Domanium (farms, forests, &c.), which, according to the covenant of June 24, 1868, are indivisible and inalienable entail estate of the Prince's house, the usufruct and administration of which belong to the reigning Prince. From the Domanium the Regent receives a donation of 250,000 marks a year.

Constitution.

A charter of rights was granted to Lippe by decree of July 6, 1836, partly replaced by the electoral law of June 3, 1876, according to which the Diet is composed of twenty-one members, who are elected in three divisions deter- mined by the scale of the rates. The discussions are public. To the Chamber belongs the right of taking part in legislation and the levying of taxes ; otherwise its functions are consultative. A minister presides over the government.

Area and Population.

The population at the census of December 2, 1895, numbered 134,854, living on an area of 469 English square miles. Of the population 66,176 were males, and 68,678 (or 103 "5 per 100 males) females. On December 1, 1890, the population was 128,495. Marriages, 1897, 1,076 ; births, 4,942 ; deaths, 2,609 ; .surplus, 2,333 ; of the births 160 (3*24 per cent.) were stillborn, and 241 (4*87 per cent.) illegitimate.

The emigration statistics are as follows : —

1890

1891

1892

1893

1894

1895

1896

1897

49

47

166

245

55

21

15

8

The capital, Detmold, has 11,237 inhabitants (1895), JJxcept 4,332 Catholics and 989 Jews (1800), the people are Protestants.