Page:The Celtic Review volume 3.djvu/52

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37
ANCIENT CELTIC GODDESSES

‘Damonæ Augustæ,’ ‘Deo Borvoni et Damonæ,’ ‘Borvoni et Damonæ.’ The other district in which inscriptions to her are found is Bourbon-Lancy, dép. Saône-et-Loire, arrond. Charolles, where, in addition to two inscriptions ‘Borvoni et Damonæ,’ we have ‘Bormoni et Damonæ.’ The form Bormoni shows the influence of Bormānus. Aquæ Bormonis appears to have been the old name of Bourbon-Lancy. In Dămŏna we not improbably have an old tribal animal goddess, who came to be associated with Borvo, a god of hot springs, as his name implies. Another individual goddess, whose name appears to be associated with the zone now under consideration, is Litavis. This name occurs in conjunction with that of the god Cicolluis, identified with Mars. Some of the inscriptions on which the name is thought to occur are very imperfect, and are chiefly found at Mâtain, dioc. Langres, dép. Côte-d’Or, arrond. Dijon, cant. Sombemon. There are five inscriptions with the formula ‘Marti Cicollui et Litavi,’ in whole or in part. At Aignay-le-Duc in dép. Côte-d’Or, arr. Chatillon-sur-Seine, there is a formula ‘Deo Marti Cicollui et Litavi,’ and at Mâtain a formula ‘Marti Cicollui et Bellonæ,’ which shows that Litavis was regarded as a goddess of war. The name ‘Litavis’ would appear to be identical with that of Llydaw, which exists in Welsh, not only as the name of Armorica but also as that of a lake called Llyn Llydaw in the Snowdon district. It appears, too, to be the basis of the name of the Aeduan Litavicus or Litaviccus (Cæs. B. G. vii. xxxvii. 1) and also of Convictolitavis, who is mentioned in the same passage. The name Litaviccus occurs also in the genitive Litavicc(i) on an inscription in the first century from Monthureux-sur-Saône, dép. Vosges, arrond. Mirecourt, now in the museum at ÉpinaL It occurs also in the dative on an inscription at Langres, as well as on silver coins of the Aeduans. A place-name of the same basis, too, Litavicrarus, occurs on an inscription at Langres in the will of a member of the tribe of the Lingones of the first century A.D. The inscription reads ‘Ante ce[l]lam memoria que est Litavicrari.’ The name Litavis is also probably contained in that of Cobledulitavus, found on