Page:The new British province of South Australia.djvu/100

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OF THE COLONY.

"Exportable Commodities, which the Soil and Climate of the new Colony are capable of producing.

"The productions from which the colonists of the new settlement may be expected to derive the means of repaying the importer for the manufactures of the mother-country, may be divided into three classes: —

"First. The spontaneous productions of its land and waters;

"Second. Those productions which now form the exports of the Australian colonies; and,

"Third. Many of the articles which those colonies now import, but which they might grow and export, were the colonial capitalist able to avail himself of a constant and ample supply of labour.

"Under the first head of Spontaneous Productions, are the following:

"Slate, which is imported into the Isle of France from England; no other roofing being found to answer, in consequence of the violent hurricanes which visit that island. On Kangaroo Island are slate- quarries, which may thus be at once turned to profitable account.

"Coal has been found in every part of Australia where the attempt has been made; but the colonists have benefited little by the discovery, in consequence of the want of labour to work it. Markets for this commodity may be found in Calcutta, Madras, Bombay, Java, Canton, Sincapore, and the Isle of France; to most of which places coal has been sent from England.

"Wood of various kinds, some admirably adapted for cabinet use, and others for ship-building, are found all over Australia, of which that of the gum-tree is already known in the London market. The former, in plank and veneer, would find a ready market in India and China, and, perhaps, even in the mother-country.

"The Barks of several of the indigenous trees, espe-