Page:The parochial history of Cornwall.djvu/74

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32
ST. ANTHONY IN POWDER.

feet above high water-mark, and it is covered with a stratum of earth in cultivation. The sand is silicious, and becomes in the lower part intermixed with pebbles, resembling in this respect the banks on the shores of Mount's Bay. This affords an example of an ancient beach elevated above the one now in existence. The whole coast of Cornwall furnishes numerous instances of this occurrence, and the former beach is uniformly at the same elevation above that actually in existence, indicating that the sea must, at some former period, have joined the land at a line now higher than the present beach by that difference.

ST. ANTHONY IN EAST.

HALS.

St. Anthony hath upon the north St. German's Creek; south, St. John's; east, Tamesworth Haven, or Saltash River, with part of Sheviock. This parish is situate in the hundred of Eastwell-shire, so called from Mark's-Well, in Landrake, that is to say, the Earl's well, viz. the Earl of Cornwall's well, perhaps by some of those princes founded, and accordingly from them denominated, who were originally lord of all the Cornish cantreds. At the time of the Conqueror's tax, as I said before, there was no such district charged therein as Anthony; so that this parish or tract of land then was rated either under the names of Abbi-town, now St. German's or Cudan-Beke. In the Pope's inquisition into the value of benefices in Cornwall, 20 Edward I. 1294, Ecclesia de Antoni, in decanatu de Eastwell-shire, was rated to first fruits vil. In Wolsey's inquisition, 1521, and Valor Beneficiorum, 12l. 17s. 6d. the patronage in ; the incumbent Taylor. The rectory, or sheaf, in possession of This