Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/201

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194 PUBLIC TREATIES. Consulsaud Vice-Consuls in all the ports open to foreign commerce, who shall enjoy in them all the rights, prerogatives, and immunities ot the Consuls and Vice-Consuls of the most favored nation; each contracting party, however, remaining at liberty to except those ports and places in which the admission and residence of such Consuls and \1ce— Consuls may not seem convenient. Anrrcrm XXX. Exoqusturs. In order that the Consuls and Vice-Consuls of the two contracting parties may enjoy the rights, prerogatives, and immunities which belong to them by their public character, they shall, before entering on the exercise of their functions, exhibit their commission or patent in due iorm to the Government to which they are accredited; and, having obtained their exequatur, they shall be held and considered as such, by all the authorities, magistrates and inhabitants in the consular district in which they reside. Anrrcnn XXXI. Exemptions of It is likewise agreed that the Consuls, their secretaries, officers, and ¤°¤¤¤l¤* 0*****- persons attached to the service of Consuls, they not being citizens of the country in which the Consul resides, shall be exempted from all kinds of taxes,‘imposts, and contributions, except those which they shall be obliged to pay ou account of commerce or their property, to which the citizens and inhabitants, native and foreign, of the country in which they reside, are subject; being in everything besides subject to the laws Inviolubility of of the respective states. The archives and papers of the consulates at-ohives. shall be respected inviolably, and under no pretext whatever shall any magistrate seize or in any way interfere with them. Arvrrous XXXII. Dosmoi-s from The said Consuls shall have power to require the assistance of the V¤¤¤¤l¤· authorities of the country, for the arrest, detention, and custody of deserters from the public and private vessels of their country; and for that purpose they shall address themselves to the courts, judges, and officers competent, and shall demand the said deserters in writing ; proving by an exhibition of the register of the vessel’s or ship’s roll, or other public documents, that those men were part of the said crews, and on this demand, so proved, (saving, however, where the contrary is proved,) the delivery shall not be refused. Such deserters, when arrested, shall be put at the disposal of said Consuls, and may be put in the public prisons at the request and expense of those who reclaim them, to be sent to the ships to which they belonged, or to others of the same nation. But if they be not sent back within two mouths, to be counted irom the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall be no more arrested for the same cause. Anrrcm: XXXIlI._ Consular cou- For the purpose of more eftectually protecting their commerce aud "°“°’°“· navigation, the two contracting parties do hereby agree, as soon hereafter as circumstances will permit them, to form a consular convention, which shall declare especially the powers and immunities of the Consuls and Vice-Consuls of the respective parties. Anrroma XXXIV. ugpgstiparipg nsf It is further agreed, that the words., “most favored nation," that mn,, mum. occur in this t·rea_t-y, shall not be so construed as to prevent either of tlw contracting parties from concluding any treaty or convention with any