ECUADOR, 1830. 195 other nation or State it may think proper, as freely and as fully as though said words were not used: Provided, however, That notwithstanding any such treaty or convention, the citizens of the United States shall be placed in Ecuador, with respect to navigation and commerce, upon an equal footing with the subjects of Spain and with the citizens of Mexico and of the other Hispano-American States, with which treaties have been or may be concluded; and that the citizens of Ecuador shall be' entitled to enjoy, in the United States, the same rights and privileges, with respect to navigation and commerce, that the citizens of the United States enjoy, or shall enjoy, in Ecuador. Aurrcnm XXXV. The United States of America and the Republic of Ecuador, desiring to make as durable as circumstances will permit the relations which are to be established between the two parties, by virtue of this treaty of peace, amity, commerce, and navigation, have declared solemnly and do agree to the following points: lst. The present treaty shall remain in full force and virtue for the Duration or term of twelve years, to be counted from the day of exchange of the mirratitications, and further, until the end of one year after either of the contracting parties shall have given notice to the other of its intention to terminate the same; each of the contracting parties reserving to itself the right of giving such notice to the other at the end of said term of twelve years: And it is hereby agreed between them, that, on the expiration of one year after such notice shall have been received by either, from the other party, this treaty, in all its parts relative to commerce and navigation, shall altogether cease and determine, and in all those parts which relate to peace and friendship, it shall be perpetually and permanently binding on both powers. 2nd. If any one or more of the citizens of either party shall infringe run-angsmsnt or any of the articles of this treaty, such citizen shall be held personally treaty. responsible for the same, and harmony and good correspondence between the two nations shall not be interrupted thereby, each party engaging in no way to protect the offender, or sanction such violation. 3rd. If, (what indeed cannot be expected,) unfortunately, any of the Roprisala and articles contained in the present treaty shall be violated or infringed in @*1***°“ ° °* any way whatever, it is expressly stipulated that neither of the contract- W"' ing parties will order or authorize any act of reprisal, nor declare war against the other on complaints of injuries or damages, until the said party considering itself offended shall llrst have presented to the other a statement of such injuries or damages, verified by com potent proois, and demanded justice, and the same shall have been either refused or unreasonably delayed. _ _ _ 4th. Nothing in this treaty shall, however, be construed or operate T¤‘¤¤¤¤¤_ wth Gonltrary to former and existing public treaties with other sovereigns :Q:;;“'f‘°‘°“' “°‘ an states. The present treaty of peace, amity, commerce, and navigation, shall be Rstilications. approved and ratified by the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by the President of the Republic of Ecuador, with the consent and approbatnon of the Congress of the same; and the ratifications shall be exchanged in the city of Quito, within three years, to be counted from the date of the signature hereof, or sooner if possible. _ _ In faith whereof, we, the Plenipotentiarics of the United States of $¤8¤¤¤¤*¤•- America and of the Republic of Ecuador, have signed and sealed these presents. Done in the city of Quito on the thirteenth day of June, in the year Date. of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty·mne, and in the sixty-third year of the Independence of the United States of America and the twenty-ninth of that of the Republic of Ecuador. J. C. PICKETT. [sun., LUIS DE SAA. [sen.