Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/413

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406 PUBLIC TREATIES. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, 1849. Dec. 20, 1849. TREATY OF FRIENDSHIP, COMMERCE, AND NAVIGATION BETWEEN THE ——————- UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, CONCLUDED DECEMBER 20. 1849; RATIFICATION ADVISED BY SENATE JANUARY 14, 1850; RATIFIED BY PRESIDENT FEB- RUARY 4, 1850; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED AT HONOLULU AUGUST 24, 1850; PROCLAIMED NOVEMBER 9, 1850. Preamble. The United States of America. and His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands, equally animated with the desire of maintainin g the relations of good understanding which have hitherto so happily subsisted between their respective States, and consolidating the commercial intercourse between them, have agreed to enter into negotiations for the conclusion of a treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation, for which purpose they have appointed Plenipotentiaries, that is to say: Negotiators. The President of the United States of America, John M. Clayton, Secretary of State of the United States; and His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands, James Jackson J arves, accredited as his special Oommissioner to the Government of the United States; Who, after ·having exchanged their full powers, found in good and due form, have concluded and signed the following articles: Aarrcnn I. Peace and amity. There shall be perpetual peace and amity between the United States and the King of the Hawaiian Islands, his heirs and his successors. Anrrcm II. R,,;,,,,,,,,] 1;;,- There shall he reciprocal liberty of eemmeéee and navigation between my of con1.merce the United States of America and the Hawaiian Islands. No duty of Md ¤¤V*H¤¤°¤· customs, or other impost, shall be charged upon any goods, the produce or manufacture of one country, upon importation from such country into the other, other or higher than the duty or impost charged upon goods of the same kind, the produce or manufacture of, or imported trom, any other country; and the United States of America and His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands do hereby engage that the subjects or citizens of any other State shall not enjoy any favor, privilege, or immunity, whatever, in matters of commerce and navigation, which shall not also, at the same time, be extended to the subjects or citizens of the other contracting party, gratuitously, if the concession in tavor of that other State shall have been gratuitous, and in return for a compensation, as nearly as possible of proportionate value and effect, to be adjusted by mutual agreement, if the‘concession shall have been conditional. ARTICLE HL Equality of qu- All articles, the produce or manufacture of either country, which ties_ on produce can legally be imported into either country from the other, in ships °*°¤*i¤¤°°¤¤**Y· of that other country, and thence coming, shall, when so imported, be subject to the same duties, and enjoy the same privileges, whether imported in ships of the one country or in ships of the other;