JAPAN, 1858. 453 affairs, and the American consular authority shall, after an examination into the circumstances of each case, determine the time to be allowed but such time shall not in any case exceed one year, to be calculated from the time the person shall be free to attend to his affairs. ARTICLE VIII. Americans in Japan shall be allowed the free exercise of their reli - · · ion, and for this purpose shall have the right to erect suitable placgs dogtmgmus fm of worship. No injury shall be done to such buildings, nor any insult be offered to the religious worship of the Americans. American citiaens shall not injure any Japanese temple or mia, or offer any insult or ipjury to Japanese religious ceremonies, or to the objects of their wors ip. The Americans and Japanese shall not do anything that may be calculated to excite religious animosity. The Government of Japan has already abolished the practice of trampling on religious emblems. ARTICLE IX. When mquested by the American Consul, the Japanese authorities Dmmu gn 4 will cause the arrest of all deserters and fugitives from justice, receive fngitives from jusin jail all persons held as prisoners by the Consul, and give to the Con- *·i°°· sul such assistance as may be required to enable him to enforce the observance of the laws by the Americans who are on land, and to maintain order among the shipping. For all such service , and for the support of prisoners kept in confinement, the Consul shall in all cases pay a just compensation. ABTIGLE X. The Japanese Government may purchase or construct, in the United _ Purchases, sw., States, ships of war, steamers, merchant-ships, whale-ships, cannon, Ln }l'“'*°d S°”°°° munitions of war, and arms of all kinds, and any other things it may °,Yum:£°°°° gl"` require. It shall have the right to engage, in the United States, scicn- ` tific, naval, and military men, artisans of all kinds, and mariners to enter into its service. All purchases made for the Government of Japan may be exported from the United States, and all persons engaged for its service may freely depart from the United States: Provided, That no articles that are contraband of war shall be exported, nor any persons engaged to act in a naval or military capacity, while Japan shall be at war with any power in amity with the United States. Anzrromr XI. The articles. for the regulation of trade, which are appended to this _Trade regulatreaty, shall be considered as forming a part of the same, and shall be *'°““· equally binding on both the contracting parties to this treaty, and on [See pp. 454-457.] their citizens and subjects. A1nr10Lu XII. Such of the provisions of the treaty made by Commodore_ Perry, and Provision s or Signed at Kanagawa, on the 31st of March, 1854, as conflict wi th_ the ¤‘¤¤¤°¤ ¤>· provisions of this treaty are hereby revoked; and asall the provisions [ 446.448 of a convention executed by the Consul General of the United States ,mdpP_Y,*_;·B,,,49_] · and the Governors of Simoda, on the 17th of June, 1857, are incorporated in this treaty, that convention is also revoked._ _ The person charged with the diplomatic relations of the United States in Japan, in conjunction with such person or persons as may he appointed for that purpose by the Japanese Government, shall have power to make such rules and regulations as may be required to carry into full and complete ed'ect the provisions of this treaty, and the provisions of the articles regulating trade appended thereunto.