470 PUBLIC TREATIES. nations; but if any of the said Consuls shall carry on trade, they shall be subjected to the same laws and usages to which private individuals of their nation are subjected in t-he same place. _ Settlement of The Consuls, Vice·Consuls, Commercial and Vice-Commercial Agents d*SP“*·°° "°“"'°°° shall have the right,.as such, to sit as judges and arbitrators in such m°°t°" me "°w°’ differences as may arise between the masters and crews of the vessel belonging to the nation whose interests are committed to their charge without the interference of the local authorities, unless the conduct of the crews or of the captain should disturb the order or tranquillity of the country or the said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, Commercial Agents, or Vice-Commercial Agents should require their assistance to cause their decisions to be carried into effect or supported. It is, however, understood that this species of judgment or arbitration shall not deprive the contending parties of the right they have to resort, on their return, to the judicial authority of their own country. Deserters from The said Consuls,Vice-Consuls, Commercial Agents, and Vice-Commen V<>¤¤¤l¤· cial Agents are authorized to require the assistance of the local authorities for the search, arrest, and em prisonment of the deserters from the ships of war and merchantvessels of their country. For this purpose they shall apply to the competent tribunals, judges, and officers, and shall, in writing, demand said deserters, proving, by the exhibition of the registers of the vessels, the muster-rolls of the crews, or by any other oihcial documents, that such individuals formed part of the crews; and onl this claim being thus substantiated, the surrender shall not be refuse . Such deserters, when arrested, shall be placed at the disposal of the said Cousuls, Vice-Consuls, Commercial Agents, or Vice-Commercial Agents, and may be connned in the public prisons at the request and cost of those who shall claim them, in order to be sent to the vessels to which they belong or to others of the same country. But if not sent back within three months from the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall not be again arrested for the same cause. However, if the deserter shall be found to have committed any crime or offence, his surrender may be delayed until the tribunal before which his case shall be pending shall have pronounced its sentence and such sentence shall have been carried into effect. Amucnn X. Ifriv il egcs of The subjects and citizens of the high contracting parties shall be per-
- '°S*d*°¤**°- mitted to sojourn and reside in all parts whatsoever of the said territories, in order to attend to their affairs, and also to hire and occupy
houses and warehouses for the purpose of their commerce, provided they submit to the laws, as well general as special, relative to the right of residing and trading. ‘ Management of Whilst they conform to the laws and regulations in force, they shall b¤¤1¤°¤¤· &°- be at liberty to manage, themselves, their own business in all the territories subject to the jurisdictionof each party, as well in respect to the consignment and sale of their goods, by wholesale or retail, as with respect to the loading, unloading, and sending off their ships, or to employ such agents and brokers as they may deem proper, they being in all these cases to be treated as the citizens or subjects of the country in which they reside; it being nevertheless understood that they shall remain subject to the said laws and regulations also in respect to sales by wholesale or retail. . Access to courts. They shall have free access to the tribunals of justice in their litigious affairs on the same terms which are granted by the law and usage of country to native citizens or subjects, for which purpose they may employ, in defence of their rights, such advocates, attorneys, and other agents as they may judge proper. Disposal of per- The citizens or subjects of each party shall have power to dispose of !°““l P"°P°"-V- their personal property within the jurisdiction of the other by SMG, donation, testament, or otherwise.