Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/507

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500 PUBLIC TREATIES. ports after the restoration of the said custom-houses, and previously to the expiration of sixty days after the day of the signature of this treaty, shall be admitted to entry; and no other duties shall be levied thereon than the duties established by the tariff found in force at such customhouses at the time of the restoration of the same. And to all such merchandise, effects, and property, the rules established by the preceding article shall apply. Ancricnn XXI. Pacific negotia- If unhappily any disagreement should hereafter arise between the ti¢>¤¤ i¤ future- Governments of the two republics, whether with respect to the interpre- [8% A¤‘*i¤l9 VIL tation of any stipulation in this treaty, or with respect to any other pargf,‘§"°y °f l8°3* p' ticular concerning the political or commercial relations of the two na- `)`] tions, the said Governments, in the name of those nations, do promise to each other that they will endeavour, in the most sincere and earnest manner, to settle the differences so arising, and to preserve the state of peace and friendship in which the two countries are now placing themselves, using, for this end, mutual representations and pacific negotiations. And if, by these means, they should not be enabled to come to an agreement, a resort shall not, on this account, be had to reprisals, aggression, or hostility of an y kind, by the one republic againstthe other, until the Government of that which deems itself aggrieved shall have maturely considered, in the spirit of peace and good neighbourship, whether it‘would not be better that such difference should be settled by the arbitration of commissioners appointed on each side, or by that of a friendly nation. And should such course be proposed by either party, it shall beacceded to by the other, unless deemed by it altogether incompatible with the nature of the difference, or the circumstances of the ease. ' Aurrrcmn XXII. Rules to be ob- If (which-is not to be expected, and which God forbid) war should un- Served i¤ **356 Of happily break out between the two republics, they do now, with a view “"‘“· _ to such calamity, solemnly pledge themselves to each other and to the mgg? ·g:*‘;‘g'Q3VIg* world to observe the following rules; absolutely where the nature of the 505.] ’subject permits, and as closely as possible in all cases where such absolute observance shall be impossible: Time allow e rl 1. The merchants of either republic then residing in the other shall be merchants YP M- allowed to remain twelve months, (for those dwelling in the interior,)

  • 18 “’°" ““""'“· and six months, (for those dwelling at the seaports,) to collect their

debts and settle their affairs; during which periods they shall enjoy the same protection, and be on the same footing, in all respects, as the citizens or subjects of the most friendly nations;` and, at the expiration thereof, or at any time betbre, they shall have full liberty to depart, carrying off all their effects without molestation or hindrance, conforming therein to the same laws which the citizens or subjects of the most \Vomen, chil- friendly nations are required to conform to. Upon the entrance of the d*°]¤·f3·» *° b° ““· armies of either nation into the territories of the other, women and chil- '“° " ° ‘ dren, ecclesiastics, scholars of every faculty, cultivators of the earth. merchants, artisans, manufacturers, and fishermen, unarmed and inhabiting unfortified towns, villages, or places, and in general all persons whose occupations are for the common subsistence and benefit of mankind, shall be allowed to continue their respective employments, unmo- Property to be lested in their persons. Nor shall their houses orgoods be burnt or ¤=¤P¢=<=l>¢<l- otherwise destroyed, nor their cattle taken, nor their fields wasted, by the armed force into whose power, by the events of war, they may happen to fall; but if the necessity arise to take anything from them for l the use of such armed force, the same shall be paid for at an equitable t{?l*¤Tl1€F» l;>SP¤· priced All churches, hospitals, schools, colleges, libraries, and 05h9f "‘ “· “° °° “· °· establishments for charitable and beneiieent purposes, shall be 1`¢·