594 PUBLIC TREATIES. PARAGUAY, 1859. ’D HIP, COMMERCE, AND NAVIGATION, BETWEEIF 'l‘IIlC —————F°b`4' 1g5g` TllJIg1Ai'TE1$)FS=`T5ibicIéhOL§ AMERICA AND THE REPUBLIC OP PARAGUA1,7Cpg- CLUDED AT ASSUMPTION FEBRUARY 4, 1859; RATII·ICAl`IOh AI)\lSLl) BY SENATE FEBRUARY 27, 1860; RATIFIED BY PRESIDENT MARCII.7, 1860; RA'1‘IFICATIONs EXCHANGED AT WASHINGTON MARCH 1, ieee; PROCLAIMED MARCH 12, 1860. A treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation between the Governments of the United States of America and of Republic of Paraguay, concluded and signed in the city of Assumption, the capital of the Republic of Paraguay, on the fourth day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and jifty-nine ; the eighty-third year of the independence of the United States of America, and the fortyseventh of that of the Republic of Paraguay. In the name of the Most Holy Trinity. Contracting par- The Governments of the two Republics, the United States of America
- 8- and of Paraguay, in South America, being mutually disposed to cherish
more intimate relations and intercourse than those which have heretofore subsisted between them, and believing it to be of mutual advantage to adjust the conditions of such relations by signing a “ treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation/’ for that object have nominated their respective Plenipotentiaries, that is to say: Negotiators. His Excellency the President of the United States of America has nominated James B. Bowlin, a Special Commissioner of the United States of America at Assumption, and His Excellency the President of the Republic of Paraguay has nominated the Paraguayan citizen, Nicolas Vasquez, Secretary of State and Minister of Foreign Relations of the Republic of Paraguay; Who, after having communicated competent authorities, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles: Aurxcnn I. Peace andfriend- There shall be perfect peace and sincere friendship between the Gov- ¤h*P· ernment of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Paraguay, and between the citizens of both States, and without exception of persons or places. The high contracting parties shall use their best endeavors that this friendship and good understanding may be constantly and perpetually maintained. ARTICLE II. pm, Duvggutiou The Republic of Paraguay, in the exercise of the sovereign right which of the river Pam- pertains to her, concedes to the merchant flag of the citizens of the HWY- United States of America the free navigation of the river Paraguay as far as the dominions of the Empire of Brazil, and of the right side of the Parana throughout all its course belonging to the Republic, subject to police and fiscal regulations of the Supreme Government of the Republic, in conformity with its concessions to the commerce of friendly Privilegesofciti· nations. They shall be at liberty with their ships and cargoes, freely §<;¤;;f **1** U¤¤*°d and securely to come to and to leave all the places and ports which are " ‘ already mentioned ; to remain and reside in any part of the said territories; hire houses and warehouses, and trade in all kinds of produce, manufactures, and merchandise of lawful commerce, subject to the usages and established customs of the country. They may discharge the whole ora part of their cargoes at the ports of Pilar, and where commerce with other nations may be permitted, or proceed with the whole or part of their cargo to the port of Assumption, according as tlhe egaptain, owner, or other duly authorized person shall deem expeien .