Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/652

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PRUSSIA, 1785. 645 vey,_that the said vessel belongs to the party of which he is, shall be considered as establishing the fact, and shall relieve both parties from the trouble of further examination. ' ARTICLE XV. _And to prevent entirely all disorder and violence in such cases,·it is Regulation er stipulated, that when the vessels of the neutral party, sailing without Vlsiis °° We convoy, shall be met by any vessel of war, public or private, of the other party, such vessel of war shall not approach within cannonshot of the said neutral vessel, nor send more than two or three men in their boat on board the same, to examine her sea-letters or passports. And all persons belonging to any vessel of war, public or private. who shall molest or injure in any manner whatever the people, vessels, or effects of the other party, shall be responsible in their persons and property for damages and interest, sufficient security for which shall be given by all commanders of private armed vessels before they are commissioned. Aarrorn XVI. It is agreed that the subjects or citizens of each of the contracting E{¤l>¤rg¤ M dvparties, their vessels and effects, shall not be liable to any embargo or *"“*‘°“· _ detention on the part of the other, for any military expedition, or other X\§?°°t A’:‘ °l} public or private purpose whatsoever. And in all cases of seizure, de- m,9j,,_ y ° tention, or arrest for debts contracted, or offences committed by any ‘ citizen or subject of the one party, within the jurisdiction of the other, the same shall be made and prosecuted by order and authority of law only, and according to the regular course of proceedings usual in such cases. Anrrorm XVII. lf any vessel or effects of the neutral Power be taken by an enemy of jiecnpturcd vesthe other, or by a pirate, and retakeu by that other, they shall be S"- brought into some port of one of the parties, and delivered into the custody of the officers of that port, in order to be restored entire to the true proprietor, as soon as due proof shall be made concerning the property thereof. ARTICLE XVIII. If the citizens or subjects of either party, in danger from tempests, Vessels seeking pirates, enemies, or other accident, shall take refuge with their vessels rvfugeor etiects, within the harbours or jurisdiction of the other, they shall be received, protected, and treated with humanity and kmduess, and shall bepermitted to furnish themselves, at reasonable prices, with all refreshments, provisions, and other things necessary for their sustenance, hea[l]th, and accommodation, and for the repair of their vessels. ARTICLE` XIX. The vessels of war, public and private, of both parties, shall carry Prizes. freely wheresoever they please the vessels and effects taken from their enemies, without being obliged to pay any duties, charges, or fees to officers of admiralty, of the customs, or any others; nor shall such prizes be arrested, searched, or put under legal process, wheuthey come and enter the ports of the other party, but may freely be carried out again at any time by their captors to the places expressed m their commissions, · which the commanding omcer of such vessel shall be obliged to shew. But his asylum in no vessel which shall have made prises on the subjects of His Most Christian Majesty the King of France shall have a right of asylum in ii_0m*Fmm0_ the ports or havens of the said United States; and if any such be forced [SH Article therein by tempest or dangers of the sea, they shall be obliged to de- XVII, muy of part as soon as possible, according to the tenor of the treaties existing 1778 wm, F,,,,,,,,,, between his said Most Christian Majesty and the said United States. p. 208.]