Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/651

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644 PUBLIC TREATIES. Awrxcrn Xl. Liberty of con- The most perfect freedom of conscience and of worship is granted to °°l°¤°°· the citizens or subjects of either party within the jurisdiction of the other, without being liable to molestation in that respect for any cause other than an insult on the religion of others. _Moreoyer, when the subjects or citizens of the one party shall die within the jurisdiction of the other, their bodies shall be buried in the usual burymg-grounds or other decent and suitable places, and shall be protected from violation or disturbance. Ancricnn XII. Neutral trade. If one of the contracting parties should be engaged in war with any other Power, the free intercourse and commerce of the subjects or citizens of the party remaining neuter with the belligerent Powers shall not be interrupted. On the contrary, in that case, as in full peace, the ves- _ _ sels of the neutral party may navigate freely to and from the ports and f *“’° “5“P“ ”"‘k° on the coasts of the belligerent parties, free vessels making free goods, r°° g°° S'. insomuch that all things shall be adjudged free which shall be on board mggi? 'gttgggxlgj any vessel belonging to the neutral party, although such things belong 4;,;;; Also A,-dc;.} to an enemy of the other ;` and the same ireedom shall be extended to XII.1=r<>¤ty of 1828, persons who shall be on board a free vessel, although they should be 1’· 659-} enemies to the other party, unless they be soldiers in actual service of such enemy. Ammon: XIII. Regulations in And in the same case of one `of the contracting parties being engaged °*“’° °f°°“"'°l’**“d· in war with any other Power, to prevent all the difficulties and misunderstandings that usually arise respecting the merchandize heretofore called contraband, such as arms, ammunition, and military stores of every kind, no such articles carried in the vessels, or by the subjects or citizens of one of the parties to the enemies of the other, shall be deemed contraband, so as to induce confiscation or condemnation and a loss of property to individuals. Nevertheless, it shall be lawful to stop such vessels and articles, and to detain them for such length of time as the captors may think necessary to prevent the inconvenience or damage that might ensue from their proceeding, paying, however, a reasonable compensation for the loss such arrest shall occasion to the proprietors: And it shall further be allowed to use in the service of the captors the whole or any part of the military stores so detained, paying the owners the full value of the same, to be ascertained by the c1u·rent price at the place of its destination. But in the case supposed, of a vessel stopped for articles heretofore deemed contraband, if the master of the vessel stopped will deliver out the goods supposed to be of contraband nature, he shall be admitted to do it, and the vessel shall not in that case be carried into any port, nor further detained, but shall be allowed to proceed on her voyage. Anrronn XIV. Sm-;.,tm,, 0,- And in the same case where one of the parties is engaged in war with P*’·“P0rts. another Power, that the vessels of the neutral party may be readily and certainly known, it is agreed that they shall be provided with sea-letters or passports, which shall express the name, the property, and burthen of the vessel, as also the name and dwelling of the master, which passports shall be made out in good and due forms, (to be settled by conventions between the parties whenever occasion shall require,) shall be renewed as often as the vessel shall return into port, and shall be exhibited - whensoever required, as well in the open sea as in port. But if the said vessel be under convoy of one or more vessels of war belonging to the neutral party, the simple declaration of the olflcer commanding the c0¤-