Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/88

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BRAZIL, 1828. 8] B R A Z I L . BRAZIL, 1828. TREATY OF PEACE, FRIENDSHIP, COMMERCE, , , , THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND OF BRAZIL, CONCLUDED AT RIO DE JANEIR0 DECEMBER 12, 1828; RATIFICATION ADVISED BY SENATE MARCH 10, 1829; BATIFICATIONS EBIQSZHANGBD AT WASHINGTON MARCH 18, 1829; PROCLAIMED MARCH 18, [This treaty " in all parts relating to commerce and navigation," ceased and determined December 12, 1841, pursuant to notice given by the Brazilian Government under Article XXXIII.] In the name of the Most Holy and Indivisible Trinity. The United States of America and His Majesty the Emperor of Contractingpaw Brazik, desiring to establish a firm and permanent peace and friendship ‘i°°· between both nations, have resolved to fix, in a manner clear, distinct, and positive, the rules which shall in future be religiously observed between the one and the other, by means of a treaty or general convention of peace, friendship, commerce, and navigation. For this most desirable object, the President of the United States has N°Z°*l¤*°’¤· conferred full powers on William Tudor, their Charge d’AEaires at the Court of Brazil; and His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, on the Most Illnstrious and Most Excellent Marquez of Aracaty, a member of his Council, Gentleman of the Imperial Bedchamber, Councillor of the Treasury, Grand Cross of the Order of Aviz, Senator of the Empire, Minister and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and Miguel de Souza Mello e Alvim, a member of his Council, Commander of the Order of Aviz, Knight of the Imperial Order of the Cross, Chief of Division in the Imperial and National Navy, Minister and Secretary of State for the Marine ; _Who, after having exchanged their said full powers, in due and proper form, have agreed to the following articles : ARTICLE I. There shall be a perfect, Hrm, and inviolable peace and friendship be- Pence und friendtween the United States of America and their citizens and His Imperial °h‘P· Majesty, his successors and subjects, throughout their possessions and territories respectively, without distinction of persons or places. Aarionn II. The United States of America and His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, Favors granted desiring to live in peace and harmony with all the other nations of the 3 3g:*§;m":°;_°;§ earth, by means of a policy frank and equally friendly with all, engage mom mutually not to grant any particular favor to other nations, in respect of commerce and navigation, which shall not immediately become common to the other party, who shall enjoy the same freely, if the concession was freely made, or on allowing the same compensation if the concession was conditional. lt is understood, however, that the relations Exception as to and conventions which now exist, or may hereafter exist, between Brazil Portugal. and Portugal, shall form an exception to this article. n s 1v—6