TWENTY-FIRST CONGRESS. Sess. II. Ch. 98, 99. 1831. 487 STATUE II. CHAP. XCVIII.—An Act to regulate ihefarcign and cuasfing trade on the northern, March 2, 1831. north-eastern, and north-western frontiers of the United States, and for other " ``"' ""M purposes. (a) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rqvresentatives of the United Custom-house States af America, in Congress assembled, That, from, and after the first *`¤¢¤ 0** United day of April next, no custom-house fees shall be levied or collected on Sm" v°”°1°' any raft, Hat, boat, or vessel, of the United States, entering otherwise than by sea, at any port of the United States on the rivers and lakes on our northern, north-eastern, and north-western frontiers. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, from and after the first day of Tonnage du- April next, the same and no higher tonnage duties and custom-house fiegu &¢. ¤¤ charges of any kind shall be levied and collected on any British colonial Bmlsh v°S"]s‘ raft, flat, boat, or vessel, entering otherwise than by sca at any port of the United States on the rivers and lakes on our northern, north-eastern and north-western frontiers, than may be levied and collected on any raft, flat, boat, or vessel, entering otherwise than by sea at any of the ports of the British possessions on our northern, north-eastern and north-western frontiers: and that, from and after the first day of April next, no higher discriminating duty shall be levied or collected on merchandise imported into the United States in the ports aforesaid, and otherwise than by sea, 4 than may be levied and collected on merchandise when imported in like manner otherwise than by sea, into the British possessions on our northern, north-eastern and north-western frontiers from the United States. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, from and after the passage of License, gm, this act, any boat, sloop, or other vessel, of the United States, navigating to United SMH the waters on our northern, north-eastern and north-western frontiers, "°s“\S‘ otherwise than by sea, shall be enrolled and licensed in such form as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury; which enrolment and license shall authorize any such boat, sloop, or other vessel, to be employed either in the coasting or foreign trade; and no certificate of registry shall be required for vessels so employed on said frontiers; _Pr0- Pmviscvidezl, That such boat, sloop, or vessel, shall be in every other respect liable to the rules, regulations, and penalties, now in force, relating to registered vessels on our northern, north-eastern and north-western frontiers. Sec. 4, And be jtfurther enacted, That in lieu of the fees, emolu- Compensation ments, salary, and commissions, now allowed by law to any collector or *° °"u°°°°"· surveyor of any district on our northern, north-eastern and north-western lakes and rivers, each collector or surveyor, as aforesaid, shall receive, annually, in full compensation for these services, an amount equal to the entire compensation received by such officer during the past year. Appxovzn, March 2, 1831. 1-__ S·r.u·u·rz: II. Cnr. XCIX.—-.61; Act declaratory of the law concerning cantempts of court. (b) Marc}, 2, 133;, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the power of the several (a) Sec notes of the acts relating to the coasting trade, vol. iii. p. 492. _ (b) The decisions of the courts of the United States on the law applicable to contempts of coll`?; acddrts of the United States have no common lawjurisdiction of crimes against the United States. But, independent of statutes, the courts of the United States hgve power to fine for contempts, and imprison for contumacy, and to enforce obedience to their orders, Sec. The United States v. Hudson et al., 7 Cranch, 32; 2 Cond. Rep. 405. _ The Supreme Court will not grant a habeas corpus, to bring before It the body ofa person confined for a contempt of a circuit court of the United States. Nor, m such a case, will the court inquire into the cause of the commitment ofsuch person. Ex parte Kearney, '7 Wheat. 38; (loud. Rep. QQ5. Where a court commits a person for a contempt, their adjudication is a conviction; and their commitment, in consequence, is execution. Ibid.
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