TREATY WITH THE CHEROKEES. 1805. gg tract to the boundary line running from the mouth of the Kentucky river, shall not cross the Embarras or Drift Wood fork of White river, but if it should strike the said fork, such an alteration in the direction of the said line is to be made, as will leave the whole of the said fork in the Indian territory.
ARTICLES OF A TREATY Agreed upon between the United States of America, by their com- Oct. 25, 1805. missioners Return J Meigs and Daniel Smith, appointed to hold conferences with the Cherokee Indians, for the purpose of ar- Ar>¤‘ii24, 1806· ranging certain interesting matters with the said Cherokees, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs and head men of the said nation, of the other part. Arvrrcnn I. All former treaties, which provide for the maintenance Formertreaof peace and preventing of crimes, are on this occasion recognised and *6** *¢¤°B¤i¤¤d· continued in force. Ama II. The Cherokees quit claim and cede to the United States, Cession from all the land which they have heretofore claimed, lying to the north of ***8 Ch€¤'°k¤°¤· the following boundary line: beginning at the mouth of Duck river, Boundaries. running thence up the main stream of the same to the junction of the fork, at the head of which fort Nash stood, with the main south fork; thence a direct course to a point on the Tennessee river bank opposite the mouth of Hiwassa river. If the line from Hiwassa should leave out Field’s Settlement, it is to be marked round his improvement, and then continued the straight course; thence up the middle of the Tennessee river, (but leaving all the islands to the Cherokees,) to the mouth of Clinch river; thence up the Clinch river to the former boundary line agreed upon with the said Cherokees, reserving at the same time to the use of the Cherokees, a small tract lying at and below the mouth of Clinch river; from the mouth extending thence dowli the Tennessee river, from the mouth of Clinch to a notable rock on the north bank of the Tennessee, in view from South West Point; thence a course at right angles with the river, to the Cumberland road; thence eastwardly along the same, to the bank of Clinch river, so as to secure the ferry landing to the Cherokees up to the tirst hill, and down the same to the mouth thereof, together with two other sections of one square mile each, one of which is at the foot of Cumberland mountain, at and near the place where the turnpike gate now stands; the other on the north bank of the Tennessee river, where the Cherokee Talootiske now lives. And whereas, from the present cession made by the Cherokees, and other circumstances, the scite of the garrisons at South West Point and Tellico are become not the most convenient and suitable places for the accommodation of the said Indians, it may become expedient to remove the said garrisons and factory to some more suitable place; three other square miles are reserved for the particular disposal of the United States on the north bank of the Tennessee, opposite to and below the mouth of Hiwassa. Aer. III. In consideration of the above cession and relinquishment, Payment for the United States agree to pay immediately three thousand dollars in *l‘° °b°V° °”‘ valuable merchandize, and eleven thousand dollars within ninety days Sm"' after the ratification of this treaty, and also an annuity of three thou-