THE HOLDERS OF LANDS I. THE LAND OF THE KING IN FEXHOLE HUNDRET ' The king holds BRAILES [Brailes]. Earl Ed- win held it. There are 46 hides. There is land for 60 ploughs. In the demesne are 6 (ploughs), and 12 serfs, and 3 bondwomen (anclllis). And (there are) 100 villeins and 30 bordars with 46 ploughs. There is a mill worth (de) 10 shillings, and 100 acres of meadow. Wood(land) 3 leagues long and 2 leagues wide. T.R.E. it used to pay 1 7 pounds and 10 shillings. Now it is worth 55 pounds and 20 loads (summas) of salt. The king holds QUINTONE [Kineton] * and WALEBORNE [Wellesbourne]. 3 King Edward held (them). There are 3 hides. There is land for * . In the demesne are 6 ploughs, and 3 serfs and 2 bondwomen. And (there are) 93' villeins and 18 bordars with 32 ploughs. There (are) 130 acres of meadow. Wood(land) half a league and 2 furlongs long and 4 furlongs broad. This is (shared) between the manor and the bere- wick. The king holds BEDEFORD [Bidford]. King Edward held it. There are 5 hides. There is land for * . In the demesne are 5 ploughs, and 8 serfs and 5 bondwomen. And (there are) 28 villeins and 13 bordars with 1 6 ploughs. There are 4 mills worth (tie) 43 shillings and 4 pence, and 150 acres of meadow. Wood(land) 4 leagues long and I league broad. The king holds STANLEI [Stoneleigh]. King Edward held it. There are 6 hides. There is land for 4 . In the demesne are 5 ploughs, and I serf and I bondwoman. And 68 villeins and 4 bordars with 2 priests 1 These three words are written above the column, but in the Warwickshire Domesday the rubricated Hundred can only be assumed to relate to the paragraph by or over which it stands. The only places certainly known to have been in Fex- hole Hundred are Brailes and three places close to it, namely Honington, Oxhill and Tysoe. a Doubtless Kineton, which was afterward the head of an important Hundred and is near to Wellesbourne. Dugdale did not see this, and be- ing misled by the similarity of name says that Wellesbourne was joined to Quinton in Glouces- tershire (see p. 439), and yet he was puzzled at the absence of Kineton (p. 431). 1 Doubtless both Wellesbourne Hastang (now Hastings) and Wellesbourne Mountford, which are in Kineton Hundred. 4 Here is a space left blank in the original. 5 Literally, ' a hundred villeins less seven.' have 30 ploughs. There (are) 2 mills worth (de) 35 shillings and 4 pence, and 20 acres of meadow. Wood(land) 4 leagues long and 2 leagues broad. Feed for (past' ad) 2,000 swine. The king holds COLESHELLE [Coleshill]. King Edward held it. There are 3 hides. There is land for a . There 30 villeins with a priest and 13 bordars have 16 ploughs. There (is) a mill worth (de) 40 pence, and in Tameworde [Tamworth] 10 burgesses be- long to this manor. Wood(land) 3 leagues long and 2j leagues broad. The king holds COTES [Colon (End)]. 7 Earl Edwin held it. There is i hide. There is land for 20 ploughs. In the demesne is I, and 4 serfs. And (there are) 10 villeins and 6 bordars with 3 ploughs. There (are) 2 mills worth (de) 100 shillings, and 80 acres of meadow. Wood(land) 3 furlongs long and the same in breadth. Meadows and pas- tures worth 4 pounds. Outside the borough [Warwick] 100 bordars with their garden- plots (hortulls) pay 50 shillings rent. This land, with the borough of Warwic(k) and the third penny of the pleas of the shire, used to pay T.R.E. 17 pounds. 8 When Robert 9 re- ceived it to farm it was worth 30 pounds. Now (it is worth) the same, including all things which belong to it. The king holds SUTONE [Button Cold- field]. 10 Earl Edwin held it. There are 8 hides and I virgate of land. There is land for 22 ploughs. One plough is in the de- mesne, and 2 serfs. And (there are) 20 villeins and 4 bordars with 7 ploughs. There (are) 10 acres of meadow. Wood(land) 2 leagues long and I broad ; when it bears (onerat') it is worth 30 shillings. The whole manor was and is worth 4 pounds. In OPTONE " [ ] Albert the clerk " holds 3 hides of the king in frankalmoin (demos'). There are 2 priests with 2 ploughs, and 10 villeins and bordars 13 with 4 ploughs. Here is a space left blank in the original. i An unimportant suburb of Warwick, s See Introduction, pp. 290, 291. 8 Probably Robert d'Oilli (J.H.R.). 10 Well known as a royal borough. 11 I cannot identify this place. Dugdale thinks it was the part of Kenilworth, north of the church, then called the 'High Town.' There are two Uptons in the county, neither having any trace of a connection with Stoneleigh. 12 See Introduction, p. 281. " ' X inter villanos et bordarios.' 301
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