Page:VCH Warwickshire 1.djvu/380

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A HISTORY OF WARWICKSHIRE is land for i plough ; the same is in the demesne with 2 villeins and 5 bordars ; and there are 2 acres of meadow ; wood(land) I league long, and half (a league) broad. It was and is worth 10 shillings. Two Ulvrics held it freely T.R.E. From T(urchil), R. de Olgi holds BERTANE- STONE [Barston] l in pledge. There are 9 hides. There is land for 1 1 ploughs. In the demesne is i plough ; and 6 free men with 9 villeins and 4 bordars have 10 ploughs. There is a mill worth (de) 4 shillings ; wood- (land) half a league long and 3 furlongs broad. It was and is worth 100 shillings. Ailmar held it, and by the king's licence sold it to Alwin the sheriff, the father of Turchil. From T(urchil) William holds BEDESLEI [? Baddesley Ensor]. 2 There are 2 hides. There is land for 2 ploughs. There are 3 villeins and 5 bordars and 2 serfs with i plough. (There is) wood(land) ij leagues long and half a league broad. It was and is worth 10 shil- lings. Of this estate this William seized upon (prteoccupavii) a fifth part to the wrong of King William (super W. regem) ; and a cer- tain Brictric who used to hold it T.R.E. dwells there. The other part of the estate (aliam terram) Archil and Cerret, Turchil's men, held. From (Turchil) four brothers hold in WLFES- MESCOT [? Wolfhamcote] 3 I hide and half a 1 What I judge to be a duplicate of this entry occurs later (p. 331), and the hidage is there given as 10 hides. In the Subsidy Roll of i Edward III. the name appears in the intermediate form of ' Ber- stanston.' 2 I have no doubt that this identification is correct, though Dugdale gives no reasons in support of it, and judging by proximity to ' Bertanestone' it would more naturally be Baddesley Clinton. But that place was, I think, too unimportant for such a hidage. For example, in i Edward III. the in- habitants of Baddesley Clinton paid only $s. 6J. subsidy, while those of ' Baddesley Endeshouer ' paid 23/. 6tt. Dugdale does not trace any subse- quent Arden interest in either place, but I feel sure that the devolution of Baddesley Ensor (Edensor) was the same as that of Baginton, which, as Dugdale shows, came to Geoffrey Savage in frank marriage with Letice daughter of Henry de Arden, and descended to the Edensors in right of the marriage of Thomas de Edensor with Lucy daughter and eventually coheiress of Geoffrey Savage grandson of Geoffrey and Letice. It is curi- ous, and possibly significant, that Baddesley (Ensor) and Baginton were both held T.R.E. by Archil. ' With this entry we leave Coleshill Hundred, and find ourselves in the Hundred of Marton. virgate of land. 4 There is land for 2 ploughs, and yet there are there 3 ploughs, and (there are) 3 acres of meadow. It was and is worth 20 shillings. The very same men (idem ipsi) held it, and were free. From T(urchil) Hermenfrid holds in LOD- BROCH [Ladbroke] i hide and i virgate of land. There is land for 2 ploughs. There are 3 men having 2 ploughs ; and 6 acres of meadow. It was worth 1 5 shillings ; now 20 shillings. Eduin held it. From T(urchil) Ermenfrid holds in CALDE- COTE [Caldecote in Grandborough] 8 half a hide. There is land for 2 ploughs. In the demesne is I, and 8 acres of meadow. It was worth 4 shillings ; now 8 shillings. From T(urchil) Richard holds in CALDECOTE [Caldecote in Grandborough] B half a hide. There is land for i plough. It is there with 2 men, and 8 acres of meadow. It was and is worth 4 shillings. From T(urchil) Almar holds in LODBROC and REDBORNE [Ladbroke and Radbourn] i hides. 8 There island for 4 ploughs. In the demesne are 3, and 6 serfs ; and (there are) 9 villeins and 2 bordars with 3 ploughs; and there are 6 acres of meadow. It was worth 30 shillings ; now 40 shillings. From T(urchil) Almar holds in CALVESTONE [Cawston 7 ] i J hides. There is land for 3 ploughs. In the demesne is I with I serf; and 4 villeins and 2 bordars have I plough. It was worth 10 shillings ; now 16 shillings. 4 This seems a singular hidage, but on com- parison with the previous entry of Wolfhamcote we find that this entry includes exactly one quarter of the hidage there recorded. It looks as if the place had been assessed at 5 hides, and then one- eighth of a hide had been tacked on to each com- plete hide, the total being 5 hides and five-eighths of a hide. It is possible that this place may be Woolscott in Grandborough, but I know of no evidence connecting Turchil's descendants with it as is the case with Wolfhamcote. Both places were in the Leet of Marton, and therefore doubtless in the Domesday Hundred of ' Meretone.' 6 Dugdale gives the name as ' Caldecote,' as does the Ordnance Survey, but it appears in modern directories as ' Calcutt.' 6 If we divide this equally between the two places, making Ladbroke's share three-quarters of a hide, it will be found that the total hidage of Ladbroke (which appears seven times in Domesday Book) is 8 hides. Of these, exactly 5 hides were held by William, who was tenant under the Count of Meulan, Turchil, and Hugh de Grentmesnil. 7 In Dunchurch. 320