Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Understanding

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Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Understanding  (1748) 
by David Hume (1711-1776)

This transcription is of the first edition, published in 1748. Hume originally intended the work to replace volume I. of his three volume Treatise on Human Understanding (1739-40), which had attracted little attention. He attributed this lack of response to the manner of the work's delivery rather than its subject matter. The title was changed to the now-familiar Enquiry concerning Human Understanding in a 1757 edition. [Based on A Bibliography of David Hume and of Scottish Philosophy from Francis Hutcheson to Lord Balfour (1966), by Thomas Edmund Jessop, pp.12-13, 19-20.]




Human Understanding.

By the Author of the

Essays Moral and Political.


Printed for A. Millar, opposite Katharine-Street,
in the Strand. MDCCXLVIII.


Essay I. Of the different Species of Philosophy. p. 1.
Essay II. Of the Origin of Ideas. 21.
Essay III. Of the Connexions of Ideas. 31.
Essay IV. Sceptical Doubts concerning the Operations of the Understanding. 47.
Essay V. Sceptical Solution of these Doubts. 69.
Essay VI. Of Probability. 93.
Essay VII. Of the Idea of Power or Necessary Connexion. 99.
Essay VIII. Of Liberty and Necessity. p. 129.
Essay IX. Of the Reason of Animals. 165.
Essay X. Of Miracles. 173.
Essay XI. Of the Practical Consequences of Natural Religion. 205.
Essay XII. Of the Sceptical or Academical Philosophy. 232.

This work was published before January 1, 1928, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.