- Syria, the Land of Lebanon, 1914 by Lewis Gaston Leary
- A short guide to Syria, 1943 by United States Army
- Syria: A Short History, 1959 by Philip Khuri Hitti
- “Syria” in The Nuttall Encyclopædia by James Wood, London: Frederick Warne and Co., Ltd., 1907.
- “Syria,” in Encyclopædia Britannica, (11th ed.), 1911
- “Syria,” in Catholic Encyclopedia, New York: The Encyclopaedia Press (1913)
- “Syria” in The World Factbook by the CIA, 1982.
- “Syria” in The World Factbook by the CIA, 2004.