The World Factbook (1990)

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Central
Intelligence
Agency






The
World
Factbook
1990








The World Factbook is produced annually
by the Central Intelligence Agency for the
use of United States Government officials,
and the style, format, coverage, and
content are designed to meet their specific
requirements.

Comments and queries are welcome and
may be addressed to:

Central Intelligence Agency
Attn: Public Affairs
Washington, DC 20505
(703) 351-2053

Contents
Page

Notes, Definitions, and Abbreviations vii

A Afghanistan 1
Albania 2
Algeria 4
American Samoa 6
Andorra 7
Angola 8
Anguilla 10
Antarctica 11
Antigua and Barbuda 12
Arctic Ocean 13
Argentina 14
Aruba 16
Ashmore and Cartier Islands 17
Atlantic Ocean 17
Australia 18
Austria 20

B Bahamas, The 21
Bahrain 23
Baker Island 24
Bangladesh 25
Barbados 26
Bassas da India 28
Belgium 28
Belize 30
Benin 31
Bermuda 32
Bhutan 34
Bolivia 35
Botswana 37
Bouvet Island 38
Brazil 38
British Indian Ocean Territory 40
British Virgin Islands 41
Brunei 42
Bulgaria 43
Burkina 45
Burma 47
Burundi 48

C Cambodia 50
Cameroon 51
Canada 53
Cape Verde 55
Cayman Islands 56
Central African Republic 57
Chad 59
Chile 61
China (also see separate Taiwan entry) 62
Christmas Island 64
Clipperton Island 65
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 66
Colombia 67
Comoros 69
Congo 70
Cook Islands 72
Coral Sea Islands 73
Costa Rica 74
Cuba 75
Cyprus 77
Czechoslovakia 79

D Denmark 81
Djibouti 82
Dominica 84
Dominican Republic 85

E Ecuador 87
Egypt 88
El Salvador 90
Equatorial Guinea 92
Ethiopia 94
Europa Island 95

F Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 96
Faroe Islands 97
Fiji 99
Finland 100
France 102
French Guiana 104
French Polynesia 105
French Southern and Antarctic Lands 107

G Gabon 107
Gambia, The 109
Gaza Strip 110
German Democratic Republic (East Germany) 111
Germany, Federal Republic of (West Germany) 113
Ghana 115
Gibraltar 116
Glorioso Islands 117
Greece 118
Greenland 120
Grenada 121
Guadeloupe 122
Guam 124
Guatemala 125
Guernsey 127
Guinea 128
Guinea-Bissau 129
Guyana 131

H Haiti 132
Heard Island and McDonald Islands 134
Honduras 135
Hong Kong 136
Howland Island 138
Hungary 139

I Iceland 140
India 142
Indian Ocean 144
Indonesia 145
Iran 147
Iraq 149
Iraq-Saudi Arabia Neutral Zone 150
Ireland 151
Israel (also see separate Gaza Strip and West Bank entries) 153
Italy 155
Ivory Coast 157

J Jamaica 158
Jan Mayen 160
Japan 160
Jarvis Island 162
Jersey 163
Johnston Atoll 164
Jordan (also see separate West Bank entry) 165
Juan de Nova Island 166

K Kenya 167
Kingman Reef 169
Kiribati 169
Korea, North 171
Korea, South 172
Kuwait 174

L Laos 175
Lebanon 177
Lesotho 179
Liberia 181
Libya 182
Liechtenstein 184
Luxembourg 185

M Macau 187
Madagascar 188
Malawi 190
Malaysia 191
Maldives 193
Mali 194
Malta 196
Man, Isle of 197
Marshall Islands 198
Martinique 199
Mauritania 201
Mauritius 202
Mayotte 204
Mexico 205
Micronesia, Federated States of 207
Midway Islands 208
Monaco 209
Mongolia 210
Montserrat 211
Morocco 212
Mozambique 214

N Namibia 215
Nauru 217
Navassa Island 218
Nepal 219
Netherlands 220
Netherlands Antilles 222
New Caledonia 224
New Zealand 225
Nicaragua 227
Niger 229
Nigeria 230
Niue 232
Norfolk Island 233
Northern Mariana Islands 234
Norway 236

O Oman 237

P Pacific Islands, Trust Territory of the (Palau) 239
Pacific Ocean 240
Pakistan 241
Palmyra Atoll 243
Panama 244
Papua New Guinea 245
Paracel Islands 247
Paraguay 247
Peru 249
Philippines 250
Pitcairn Islands 252
Poland 253
Portugal 255
Puerto Rico 257

Q Qatar 258

R Reunion 260
Romania 261
Rwanda 263

S St. Helena 264
St. Kitts and Nevis 265
St. Lucia 267
St. Pierre and Miquelon 268
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 269
San Marino 271
Sao Tome and Principe 272
Saudi Arabia 273
Senegal 275
Seychelles 277
Sierra Leone 278
Singapore 279
Solomon Islands 281
Somalia 282
South Africa 284
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 286
Soviet Union 286
Spain 289
Spratly Islands 291
Sri Lanka 291
Sudan 293
Suriname 295
Svalbard 296
Swaziland 297
Sweden 299
Switzerland 300
Syria 302

T Taiwan entry follows Zimbabwe
Tanzania 304
Thailand 305
Togo 307
Tokelau 309
Tonga 310
Trinidad and Tobago 311
Tromelin Island 313
Tunisia 313
Turkey 315
Turks and Caicos Islands 317
Tuvalu 318

U Uganda 319
United Arab Emirates 320
United Kingdom 321
United States 324
Uruguay 326

V Vanuatu 327
Vatican City 329
Venezuela 330
Vietnam 331
Virgin Islands 333

W Wake Island 334
Wallis and Futuna 335
West Bank 336
Western Sahara 337
Western Samoa 338
World 340

Y Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen] 341
Yemen, People's Democratic Republic of [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen] 342
Yugoslavia 344

Z Zaire 346
Zambia 347
Zimbabwe 349
Taiwan 350

Appendixes A: The United Nations System 352
B: International Organizations 353
C: Country Membership in International Organizations 356
D: Weights and Measures 364
E: Cross-Reference List of Geographic Names 367

Maps I. The World (Guide to Regional Maps)
II. North America
III. Central America and the Caribbean
IV. South America
V. Europe
VI. Middle East
VII. Africa
VIII. Soviet Union, East and South Asia
IX. Southeast Asia
X. Oceania
XI. Arctic Region
XII. Antarctic Region
XIII. Standard Time Zones of the World