The World Factbook (1990)/Ashmore and Cartier Islands

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The World Factbook (1990)
United States Central Intelligence Agency
Ashmore and Cartier Islands

page 17

Ashmore and Cartier Islands
(territory of Australia)

World Factbook (1990) Ashmore and Cartier Islands.jpg

 See regional map X


Total area: 5 km²; land area: 5 km²; includes Ashmore Reef (West, Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier Island

Comparative area: about 8.5 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 74.1 km

Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploration
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: tropical

Terrain: low with sand and coral

Natural resources: fish

Land use: 0% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 100% other—grass and sand

Environment: surrounded by shoals and reefs; Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve established in August 1983

Note: located in extreme eastern Indian Ocean between Australia and Indonesia 320 km off the northwest coast of Australia


Population: no permanent inhabitants; seasonal caretakers


Long-form name: Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Type: territory of Australia administered by the Australian Ministry for Territories and Local Government

Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)

Legal system: relevant laws of the Northern Territory of Australia

Note: administered by the Australian Minister for Arts, Sports, the Environment, Tourism, and Territories Graham Richardson

Diplomatic representation: none (territory of Australia)


Overview: no economic activity


Ports: none; offshore anchorage only

Defense Forces

Note: defense is the responsibility of Australia; periodic visits by the Royal Australian Navy and Royal Australian Air Force