Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, 1949/1968-03-27

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Act

To prohibit marriages between Europeans and non-Europeans, and to provide for matters incidental thereto.



(English text signed by the Governor-General.)
(Assented to 1st July, 1949.)


as amended by

Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Amendment Act, No. 21 of 1968


Be it enacted by the King’s Most Excellent Majesty, the Senate and the House of Assembly of the Union of South Africa, as follows:―


Marriages between Europeans and non-Europeans prohibited.

1. (1) As from the date of commencement of this Act a marriage between a European and a non-European may not be solemnized, and any such marriage solemnized in contravention of the provisions of this section shall be void and of no effect: Provided that—

(a) any such marriage shall be deemed to be valid, if—

(i) it has been solemnized in good faith by a marriage officer, and neither of the parties concerned, or any other person in collusion with one or the other of them, has made any false statement relating to the said marriage amounting to a contravention of section four; and

(ii) any party to such marriage professing to be a European or a non-European, as the case may be, is in appearance obviously what he professes to be, or is able to show, in the case of a party professing to be a European, that he habitually consorts with Europeans as a European, or in the case of a party professing to be a non-European, that he habitually consorts with non-Europeans as a non-European;

(b) where any such marriage has been solemnized in good faith by a marriage officer, any children born or conceived of such marriage before it has been declared by a competent court to be invalid, shall be deemed to be legitimate.

(2) If any male person who is a South African citizen or is domiciled in the Republic enters into a marriage outside the Republic which cannot be solemnized in the Republic in terms of subsection (1), such marriage shall be void and of no effect in the Republic.

[Sub-s. (2) substituted by s. 1 of Act No. 21 of 1968.]


Solemnization of mixed marriage by marriage officer an offence.

2. Any marriage officer who knowingly performs a marriage ceremony between a European and a non-European shall be guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding fifty pounds.


Presumption of race from appearance.

3. Any person who is in appearance obviously a European or a non-European, as the case may be, shall for the purposes of this Act be deemed to be such, unless and until the contrary is proved.


False statement to a marriage officer an offence.

4. Any person who makes a false statement to a marriage officer, relating to the question whether any party seeking to have his marriage solemnized by such marriage officer is a European or a non-European, knowing such statement to be false, shall be guilty of an offence and liable to the penalties prescribed by law for the crime of perjury.


Short title.

5. This Act shall be called the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, 1949.