Public Law 102-182

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    102ND UNITED STATES CONGRESS
    1ST SESSION


    An Act
    To provide for the termination of the application of Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974 to Czechoslovakia and Hungary.


    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

    Contents

    Section 1. Congressional Findings and Preparatory Preidential Action.[edit]

    (a) CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS.—
    The Congress finds that the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic and the Republic of Hungary both have—
    (1) dedicated themselves to respect for fundamental human rights;
    (2) accorded to their citizens the right to emigrate and to travel freely;
    (3) reversed over 40 years of communist dictatorship and embraced the establishment of political pluralism, free and fair elections, and multi-party political systems;
    (4) introduced far-reaching economic reforms based on market-oriented principles and have decentralized economic decisionmaking; and
    (5) demonstrated a strong desire to build friendly relationships with the United States.
    (b) PREPARATORY PRESIDENTIAL ACTION.—
    The Congress notes that the President in anticipation of the enactment of section 2, has directed the United States Trade Representative to negotiate with the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic and the Republic of Hungary, respectively, in order to—
    (1) preserve the commitments of that country under the bilateral commercial agreement in effect between that country and the United States that are consistent with the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; and
    (2) obtain other appropriate commitments.

    Sec. 2. Termination of the Application of Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974 to Czechoslovakia and Hungary.[edit]

    (a) PRESIDENTIAL DETERMINATIONS AND EXTENSION OF NONDISCRIMINATORY TREATMENT.—
    Notwithstanding any provision of title IV of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2431 et seq.), the President may—
    (1) determine that such title should no longer apply to the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic or to the Republic of Hungary, or to both; and
    (2) after making a determination under paragraph (1) with respect to a country, proclaim the extension of nondiscriminatory treatment (most-favored-nation treatment) to the products of that country.
    (b) TERMINATION OF APPLICATION OF TITLE IV.—
    On and after the effective date of the extension under subsection (a)(2) of nondiscriminatory treatment to the products of a country, title IV of the Trade Act of 1974 shall cease to apply to that country.

    Sec. 3. Modification of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991.[edit]

    (a) TWO-TIER APPLICABLE LIMIT.—
    (1) Section 102(b)(2)(A) of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991 is amended by striking clauses (ii) and (iii) and inserting the following new clause:


    ``(ii) In the case of a 13-week period, the applicable limit is 13.´´


    (2) Section 102(d) of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991 is amended to read as follows:


    ``(d) 13-WEEK PERIOD.— For purposes of this section, the term ``13-week period´´ means with respect to any State any period which is not a 20-week period.´´


    (3) Section 102(f)(3)(A) of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991 is amended to read as follows:


    ``(A) IN GENERAL.— If any individual has a benefit year which ends after February 28, 1991, such individual shall be entitled to emergency unemployment compensation under this Act in the same manner as if such individual's benefit year ended no earlier than the last day of the first week following November 16, 1991.´´.


    (4) Section 102(g)(2) of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991 is amended to read as follows:


    ``(2) SPECIAL RULES.— A 20-week period shall begin in any State with the 1st week for which emergency unemployment compensation may be payable in such State under this title if, on the basis of information submitted to the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives by the Department of Labor on November 7, 1991, the requirements of subsection (c)(2) are satisfied by such State for the week which ends October 19, 1991.´´


    (5) Section 106(a) is amended by striking paragraph (4) and redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4).
    (6) Sections 102(f)(1)(B), 102(f)(2), 106(a)(2), and 501(b) (1) and (2) of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991 are each amended by striking ``July 4, 1992´´ and inserting ``June 13, 1992´´.
    (7) Section 501(a) of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991 is amended by striking ``July, 1992´´ and inserting ``June, 1992´´.
    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE.—
    The amendments made by this section shall apply as if included in the provisions of and the amendments made by the ``Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991.´´

    Sec. 4. Repeal of the Prohibition on the Importation of Soviet Gold Coins.[edit]

    Section 510 of the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 5100) is repealed.


    TITLE I — EXTENSION OF NONDISCRIMINATORY TREATMENT TO ESTONIA, LATVIA, AND LITHUANIA[edit]

    Sec. 101. Congressional Findings.[edit]

    Sec. 102. Extension of Nondiscriminatory Treatment to the Products of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.[edit]

    Sec. 103. Termination of the Application of Title IV of the Trade Act of 1974 to the Baltics.[edit]

    Sec. 104. Sense of the Congress Regarding Prompt Provision of GSP Treatment to the Products of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.[edit]


    TITLE II — TRADE PREFERENCE FOR THE ANDEAN REGION[edit]

    Sec. 201. Short Title.[edit]

    Sec. 202. Authority to Grant Duty-Free Treatment.[edit]

    Sec. 203. Beneficiary Country.[edit]

    Sec. 204. Eligible Articles.[edit]

    Sec. 205. Related Amendments.[edit]

    Sec. 206. International Trade Commission Reports on Impact of the Andean Trade Preference Act.[edit]

    Sec. 207. Impact Study by Secretary of Labor.[edit]

    Sec. 208. Effective Date and Termination of Duty-Free Treatment.[edit]


    TITLE III — CONTROL AND ELIMINATION OF CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS[edit]

    Sec. 301. Short Title.[edit]

    Sec. 302. Purposes.[edit]

    Sec. 303. Multilateral Efforts.[edit]

    Sec. 304. United States Export Controls.[edit]

    Sec. 305. Sanctions Against Certain Foreign Persons.[edit]

    Sec. 306. Determinations Regarding Use of Chemical or Biological Weapons.[edit]

    Sec. 307. Sanctions Against Use of Chemical or Biological Weapons.[edit]

    Sec. 308. Presidential Reportng Requirements.[edit]

    Sec. 309. Repeal of Duplicative Provisions.[edit]


    Approved December 4, 1991.


    Legislative History[edit]

    • HOUSE REPORTS:
      • No. 102-223 (Comm. on Ways and Means)
      • No. 102-391 (Comm. of Conference)
    • CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 137 (1991):
      • Oct. 8, considered and passed House.
      • Nov. 15, considered and passed Senate with an amendment.
      • Nov. 20, House agreed to Senate amendment with amendment pursuant to H. Res. 287.
      • Nov. 26, Conference report filed.
      • Nov. 26, House agreed to conference report.
      • Nov. 26, Senate agreed to conference report.