The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Faucher, Julius

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search

FAUCHER, fō'shạ, Julius, German economist and free trader: b. Berlin, 1820; d. Rome, 1878. He was a descendant of a French Huguenot family and was educated in the city of his birth. He was a follower of Adam Smith and embraced the doctrine of the English Free-trade party. In Berlin, in 1846, he founded the first German free-trade society, later known as the Economic Society of Berlin. He founded the Abendpost at Berlin in 1850, the first free-trade journal in the country. Within a few years it was suppressed by the authorities and Faucher removed to England, where he joined the staff of the Morning Star. In 1861 he was back in Germany advocating strenuously for the liberty of domicile, free trade and freedom in industry. He was chosen member of the Prussian Diet and in 1863, with Michaelis, founded the Vierteljahrsschrift für Volkswirtschaft, Politik, und Kulturgeschichte. During the Franco-Prussian War he was correspondent of the London Daily News with the German armies. He published, in addition to his articles in the periodicals mentioned above, ‘Ein Winter in Italien, Griechenland und Konstantinople’ (1876); ‘Vergleichende Kulturbilder aus den vier europäischen Millionenstädten’ (1877); ‘Streifzüge durch die Küsten und Inseln des Archipels und des ionischen Meeres’ (1878); ‘Russian Agrarian Legislation of 1861’ (in ‘System of Land Tenure in Various Countries,’ 3d ed., London 1881).