The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Hadis

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The Encyclopedia Americana
Hadis
Edition of 1920. See also Hadith on Wikipedia, and the disclaimer. In the scan, the “D” in “HADIS” appears to have an acute accent in the header for this article. However, such a glyph is not readily visible in Latin script in Unicode, so it is omitted here, and indeed the body of the text for this article omits the accent in a later occurrence of the word.

HADIS, or in Arabic plural, Ahadis, narratives or traditions, which relate to the Prophet Mohammed, and are not found in the Koran. There are numerous collections of these floating traditions, anecdotes and legends. A search for such data was first undertaken by Abdul Malik ibn Juraisch (d. 722 A.D.). Others consider that the collection of Imam Malik (d. 801) is the earliest extant. The following six Hadis collections are considered by the Sunnite Moslems to be canonical scriptures: 1. The Hadis of Mohammed Ismail al Buchari (d. 878). 2. Of Muslim ibn ul Hajaj (d. 883). 3. Of Abu Isa Mohammed al Tirmisi (d. 901). 4. Abu Daud al Sajistani (d. 897). 5. Of Abu Abd ur Rahmân al Nasâi (d. 925). 6. Of Abu Abdallah Mohammed Ibn Wajah (d. 895). None of these have ever been printed.