The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Hadley, Arthur Twining

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HADLEY, Arthur Twining, American college president: b. New Haven, Conn., 23 April 1856. A son of James Hadley (q.v.), he was graduated from Yale in 1876, and took graduate studies in political science at Yale and the University of Berlin. In 1879-83 he was a tutor at Yale, and during that time wrote for several journals, including the Railway Gazette and the Financial Chronicle. He was commissioner of labor statistics for Connecticut {1885-87), and was in 1885 a witness before the Cullom State committee which prepared the Interstate Commerce Law. In 1886 he became professor of political science at Yale, and in 1899 was made president of the university. He was president of the American Economic Association for two years. In 1885 he published ‘Railroad Transportation: Its History and Laws,’ which is everywhere recognized as one of the chief authorities on the subject and has been translated into French and Russian; his other works include ‘Report on the Labor Question’ (1885); ‘Economics, an Account of the Relations between Private Property and Public Welfare’ (1896), presenting the theories of political economy in accordance with the most modern, research and thought; ‘The Education of the American Citizen’ (1901); ‘Freedom and Responsibility’ (1903); ‘Baccalaureate Addresses’ (1907); ‘Standards of Public Morality’ (1907); ‘Some Influences in Modern Philosophic Thought’ (1913); ‘Undercurrents in American Politics’ (1915). He also acted as chairman of the Railroad Securities Commission, which was appointed under the Act of Congress of June 1910 and published its ‘Report’ in 1911. In all his books he has endeavored to utilize the results of economic and political history as a basis for a working system of ethics for a democracy like that of the United States. His writings show him to be not only a scholar, but also a man of affairs well acquainted with the business world, and in this regard he is one of the best representatives of the modern type of university presidents.