The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Loeffler, Friedrich
LOEFFLER, Friedrich, German bacteriologist: b. Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1852; d. 1915. He was educated at Würzburg and Berlin, in 1879 was made assistant in the Imperial Health Office and in 1884 staff physician at the Friedrich Wilhelm Institute, Berlin. Four years later he was appointed to a chair at the University of Greifswald. Loeffler rendered important and lasting services to bacteriology by his original methods of staining, by the discovery of the bacillus of glanders in 1882, and by the discovery of the bacillus of diphtheria. He also investigated the foot-and-mouth disease. In 1887 Professor Loeffler founded the Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie und Parasitik. To it he contributed several articles on professional topics, also articles on malaria in Leyden and Klemperer "Deutsche Klinik" (1903). He published ‘Vorlesungen über die geschichtliche Entwicklung der Lehre von den Bakterien’ (1887) and ‘Die Schutzimpfung gegen die Maul und Klauensenche’ (1903).