The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Miklosich, Franz von
MIKLOSICH, Franz von, Austrian philologist: b. Luttenherg, Styria, 20 Nov. 1813; d. Vienna, 7 March 1891. He took his degree in philosophy at Gratz and in law at Vienna; and for a time practised law at Vienna, soon, however, abandoning that profession for the study of the Slavonic languages. He was appointed to a place in the Imperial Library in 1844 and retained it until 1862, also serving as professor of Slavonic philology at the University of Vienna in 1849-86. He was a man of profound scholarship and not only revolutionized modern Slavonic philology but made important contributions to the knowledge of the Albanian, Gypsy, modern Greek, Hungarian and Rumanian languages. He was a member of the Academy of Vienna and a corresponding member of the French Academy of Inscriptions. His first contribution to Slavonic philology was his review, in 1844, of Bopp's ‘Comparative Grammar.’ From that time he issued a large number of works, not only on the Slavonic but on other languages, all of high importance, and among which the most notable are ‘Verg
eleichende Grammatik der Slawischen Sprachen’ (1852-74); ‘Etymologisches Wörterbuch der Slawischen Sprac ken’ (1886).